Archive for: April 2014

مدودیف: اینقدر قطعنامه بدهید تا قطعنامه دانتان پاره شود

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هرچند شگف آور، ولی حالا دیگر نوبت نخست وزیر ادواری روسیه است که شعار آقای احمدی نژاد  را تکرار کند. البته  دیمیتری مدودیف در سخنرانی چالشگرانه پارلمانی  امروز خود از واژه قطعنامه نام نبرد چون هنوز کار بدانجا نکشیده است ولی رسماً همان حرف احمدی نژاد را بمناسبت صدور قطعنامه های سریال تحریمی در مورد کشورما ایران، در مورد تحریم روسیه از سوی غرب تکرار کرد. من فکر میکنم اگر احمدی نژاد با تجربه کنونی خود و قدری احساس مسئولیت ملی بجای مدودیف بود اینگونه شعاری سخنرانی نمیکرد.

W460

نهار نت لبنان به نقل از آژانس خبری فرانس پرس مینویسد :” دیمیتری مدودیف نخست وزیر روسیه امروز سه شنبه در واکنش به احتمال دور جدیدی از اِعمال تحریمهای غرب بخاطر اوکرائین به کشورش اظهار داشت روسیه آماده رویارویی با آنهاست.  او در سخنرانی پارلمانی  امروز خودکه از تلویزیون روسیه پخش میشد گفت:” من مطمئن  هستم که ما قادر خواهیم بود تأثیر آنها را به حد اقل برسانیم .”

او افزود:” دولت آماده است تا مطابق  با شرایط؛ بر طبق اولویتهایی که دفاع از اقتصاد و شهروندان کشور ایجاب میکند و ناشی از سیاست های غیر دوستانه ای خارجی است  که به تنش و تنشنج دامن میزنند اقدامات لازم را اتخاذ کند.”

او اضافه نمود که با این وجود  اقتصاد روسیه  آماده است تا با چالش های غیر مترقبه روبرو گردد.

مدودیف گفت که بنظر روسیه؛ ” رویکرد تحریم” در مورد روسیه راه بجایی نمیبرد او در همانحال تأکید کرد که  چرخهای کشورش آماده اند تا اگر لازم باشد زیر فشار اعمال تحریم هم   بچرخند.

 او اضافه کرد: ” ما هم البته  لیستهای سیاه خود را داریم. ولی من حتی لازم نمی بینم؛ لزوم استفاده از آنرا از این جایگاه یادآوری کنم زیرا توسل و اشاره  به آن به معنی رسیدن به  یک نقطه بن بست است. هرگونه محدودیت که  روی مااعمال گردد یک روش مندرس است .
در میان کف زدنهای ممتد نمایندگان او ادامه داد:” این راه به هیچ جا نمیرسد ولی اگر تعدادی از طرفهای غربی ما این راه برگزینند ما چاره ای جز مقابله به مثل نداریم، زیرا ما آنگاه مجبوریم منابع خود را بکار اندازیم  و در فرجام کار  ما برنده خواهیم بود. “
پایان گزارش نهار نت.
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کامنت من:

تحریمهایی که آمریکا و اروپا  نسبت به روسیه بخاطر اشغال و انضمام کریمه به آن کشور اعمال کردند، در مقایسه با تحریمهای اعمال شده از طرف آنان به ایران قابل مقایسه نبود و کاملاً جنبه سمبولیک داشت. کل تحریمهای شامل عدم صدور ویزا برای چند الیگارش منسوب به پوتین و  روسها و اوکرائینهای طرفدار اشغال کریمه بود. ولی همین تحریم سمبولیک در بازار جهانی نسبت به روسیه زلزله ایجاد کرد. در همان روز نخست بورس روسیه نزدیک به ۹% و روبل آن نزدیم به ۳٫۵% تنزل یافت و خروج سرمایه از کشور به مرز باور نکردنی ۷۰ میلیارد دلار رسید. این موارد مشخص تحریم نبود که چنین تلاطمی در بورس و بازار پولی و سرمایه روسیه ایجاد کرد بلکه پیامی بود که این تحریمهای سمبولیک با خود برای بازارهای مالی دنیا فرستاد. باید توجه کنیم که کل ذخایر ارزی روسیه قدری بیش از ۴۰۰ میلیارد دلار است و خروج یک پنجم آن در مدتی کوتاه یعنی سقوط آزاد اقتصاد روسیه. یعنی بر باد رفتن اعتماد سرمایه جهانی و ملی به اقتصاد روسیه یعنی بیکاری و کاهش سرمایه گذاری یعنی تداوم فرار سرمایه از کشور. یعنی گرانتر شدن نرخ اقلام وارداتی و بالا رفتن نرخ بهره تسهیلات اعتباری از بازار پولی و مالی دنیا یعنی در غلطیدن روسیه به چالش با تمام دنیا مانند ایران و همه این هزینه ها را نه جناب دیمیتری مدودیف بلکه مردم روسیه  باید تحمل کنند. همه این تلاطمها  دیناری از سرمایه های  دهها میلیارد دلاری آنها که در خارج از کشور خوابیده است نخواهد کاست همانگونه که تحریمهای ایران ذره ایی از دارائیهای امثال بابک زنجانیها و محصولی ها و رفیقدوستها و عسگراولادیها .. ،نکاست.

بنظر من اگر بجای دیمیتری مدودیف احمدی نژاد  با تجربه کنونی اش قرار داشت و مضافاً  قدری هم وجدان ملی و مردمی میداشت تا با احساس مسئولیت نسبت به کشورش حرف بزند این چنین تحریم و انزوای بین المللی را آسان و دست کم نمی گرفت  و بحساب مردم هزینه سازی نمی کرد.

توجه!

قرار است فردا پارلمان لبنان راجع به انتخاب رئیس جمهور بحث پارلمانی داشته باشد. دوره ۶ ساله میشل سلیمان تا ۱۵ ماه می پایان می پذیرد. نبرد پنهان و آشکاری برای رئیس جمهور سازی از سوی ایران با پروکسی بلوک ۸ مارس و عربستان وغرب با پروکسی  بلوک۱۴ مارس درجریان است. موضوع دعوا  بیش از اینکه خود پست رئیس جمهوری در لبنان  باشد تعین تکلیف حزب الله لبنان و نیروهای مسلح آنست. انتخابات پیش روی لبنان اهمیتش برای حکومت  و مردم ایران اگر از خود لبنانیها بیشتر نباشد کمتر نیست. توجه کار بران گرامی را به یاداشتی که من فردا در این زمینه خواهم داشت جلب میکنم. ح تبریزیان

افزوده شده:

داگنز ایندوستری سوئد

۲۲ آوریل

نشریه داگنز  ایندوستری سوئد هم با کمی کم و کاست سخنرانی مدودیف را درج کرده است. نکته ایی که در این روزنامه سوئدی هست که در نهارنت لبنان از قلم افتاده است  ایسنت که مدودیف در اشاره به اینکه روسیه تسلیم تحرم و فشار نخواهد شد، میگوید که روسیه توسعه صنایع نظامی اش را  با تحریمهای غرب متوقف نخواهد کرد بلکه با کمک و همکاری کشورهای افریقایی و آمریکای مرکزی ادامه خواهد داد!

چه میشود گفت جز اینکه؛ این راه همان سیاست احمدی نژاد در نزدیک شدن به بورکینا فاسو، ونزوئلا و برخی دیگر کشورهای بی نام و نشان آفریقایی برای مقابله با غرب بود که همه ایران را دوشیدند و آخرهم بیشترشان در مجمع عمومی علیه ایران رأ دادند.

Russia Ready for New Sanctions over Ukraine, Says Medvedev

  Naharnet 

W460

Russia is ready to face a new round of Western sanctions over Ukraine, Prime Minister Dmitry Mَedvedev said Tuesday.

“I am sure we will be able to minimize their consequences,” he said in a televised speech to parliament.

“The government is ready to act in conditions when the priority of our work becomes protecting the economy and citizens from such unfriendly acts that could follow due to the escalating foreign policy situation.”

However, he acknowledged Russia’s economy was facing an “unprecedented challenge”.

Russia views sanctions as a “road to nowhere,” Medvedev said, while insisting that the country was ready to function in isolation if necessary.

“We can of course keep on exchanging blacklists. But I don’t even consider it necessary to prove from this podium that it’s an

absolute dead-end,” he said.

“Any restrictions that are imposed on us are a primitive route. This is a road that leads nowhere, but if a number of our Western partners go along it all the same, we won’t have any choice.

“Then we will manage using our own resources and we will win in the final account,” he said to applause from lawmakers.

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Ryssland är redo för sanktioner

Uppdaterad 2014-04-22 14:53. Publicerad 2014-04-22 11:27

Foto: Alexander Astafyev/AP/TT

Ryssland är redo för ytterligare sanktioner från väst, sade premiärminister Dmitrij Medvedev i ett tv-sänt tal, enligt AFP.

“Jag är säker på att vi kommer att kunna minimera konsekvenserna”, sade han.

Enligt nyhetsbyrån Interfax sade Medvedev också att den ryska staten inte kommer att tillåta att landets försvarsindustri försvagas till följd av “någons illasinnade åtgärder”. I stället kommer Ryssland satsa på att stärka sin position på den globala vapenmarknaden, bland annat genom utökat militärt samarbete med länder i Latinamerika och Afrika.

Samtidigt lovar USA:s vicepresident Joe Biden på besök i det ukrainska parlamentet ekonomiskt stöd till Ukraina.Han underströk att landets ledare måste bekämpa den “cancer” som korruptionen utgör för systemet, enligt Reuters.

Biden poängterade också hur mycket starkare Ukraina skulle vara som land, om man inte vore beroende av gasleveranser från Ryssland.

دور اول انتخابات افغانستان و لبنان

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من در یاداشتی با عنوان ۸ انتخابات سرنوشت ساز  از انتخابتهای تأثیر گذار پیش روی در منطقه باضافه انتخابات ۲۵ می اوکرائین روی میهنمان نام بردم. در ادامه آن سعی می کنم اهمیت و نخوه برگزاری و نتایج آرای آنها را در جای خود نشان دهم. بنظر من هریک از این انتخاباتها تأثیر ویژه  خود را روی  تحولات منطقه و از جمله میهن ما دارند که من با روشن شدن نتایج نهایی آنها به این جنبه تأثیر گذاری آنها خواهم پرداخت.

دور اول انتخابات افغانستان

زنان افغانستان به حقوق خود رأی دادند!

زنان افغانستان به حقوق خود رأی دادند!

برای دریافت  تصویری  روشن تر از نتیجه دور اول انتخابات افغانستان به لینکحماسه انتخابات: آری بلند به دموکراسی و نه قاطع به طالبان مراجعه کنید ولی باختصار میتوان گفت که این انتخابات پیروزی دموکراسی در افغانستان بود. البته منظور از دمکراسی در افغانستان هم قیاس گیری دموکراسی اسکاندیناویی نیست بلکه نمونه خاورمیانه ایی و جهان سومی دموکراسی است

شرکت وسیع بیش از ۶۰%ی  مردم  افغانستان در این انتخابات علیرغم بسیاری  مشکلات و تهدیدات  همه جهانیان را و حتی خود برگزار کنندگان انتخابات افغانستان را شگفت زده کرد. این مشارکت وسیع تحت چنان شرایطی، بمثابه یک “نه! ”  بزرگ به طالبان  بود و گذشته از آن، خود نتیجه و تناسب آراء نامزدها هم معنی دار بود. عبدالله عبدالله وزیر خارجه سابق و از یاران شاه محمد مسعود  در این رأِ ی گیری با  ۴۴٫۴%  رأی نفراول و اشرف غنی احمدزی با ۳۳.۲   نفر دوم است.   یعنی  مجموعاً ۷۷٫۵%  از واجدین شرایط شرکت در انتخابات افغان که توانسته اند در انتخابات شرکت کنند، به دونفر رأی داده اند که هردو بزبان ساده  آدمهای کراواتی هستند و دستار بسر.

بعید است که این “نه!” بزرگ افغانها به طالبان انعکاس و بازخوردی در بین خود طالبان هم ایجاد نکند.  این ۷۷٫۵% آراء  فقط  به دو نفر ناشی از اینست که برخلاف بسیاری از کشورهای سنتی؛ مردم افغانستان از خود پراگماتیسمی مدرن نشان داده و بدنبال تعلقات قومی و مذهبی نرفته و برای آنان اجماع ملی برای دستیابی به ثبات بر همه چیز دیگر رجحان دارد. نکته سوم اینکه  با وجود کاستی هایی، اعتراضی جدی هم نسبت به سلامت انتخابات و یا تقلب هم نشد که نشان از بلوغ سیاسی جریانهای شرکت کننده و نظم سالم  حاکم بر این انتخابات بود. چهارمین نکته و شاید مهمترین درس این انتخابات این است که ایراد آنانی که  سعی دارند حمله نیروهای غرب و آمریکا برای سرنگونی طالبان را تجاوز و دخالت  ناموجه و نامشروع در این کشور تروریست زده  بنمایانند نقش برآب میگردد. این انگ و رنگ زنندگان نمیگویند که  در صورت ماندگاری طالبان در قدرت، هزینه های انسانی، مادی، فرهنگی و تاریخی که آنان طی این ۱۲ سال بر مردم افغانستان، منطقه و دنیا تحمیل میکردند در مقایسه با همه هزینه هایی که شده است چقدر میتوانست باشد؟ آنها نمیگویند که چند  ده یا حتی چند صد سال باید طول میکشید تا مردم افغانستان و زنان آن بتوانند این چنین در سرنوشت خود شرکت کنند؟ آنها به این سئوال هم پاسخ نمی دهند که تحت حاکمیت طالبانی، آیا  ظرف این یک یا دو دهه، کلاً ممکن بود ملتی بعنوان افغانستان در جغرفیای منطقه باقی بماند؟ و… ؟ 

بهر حال همین دور اول انتخابات، چشم انداز روشن آینده افغانستان را بعنوان یک ملتِ به آزادی رسیده به نمایش گذارده است. و سخن آخر اینکه ثبات و نهادینه شدن دموکراسی در افغانستان برای طالبان همانقدر بد یوم است که برای حکومت ایران و این آن نکته ایی است که برای ما ایرانیان بیش از  دیگران واجد اهمیت میتواند باشد.

انتخابات لبنانW460

Qaouq Says Lebanon Can’t Tolerate ‘Anti-Resistance, Anti-Syria’ President

شیخ کاوک یکی از رهبران حزب الله میگوید، لبنان یک رئیس جمهور ضد سوری و ضد مقاومت(حزب الله) را تحمل نخواهد کرد 

امروز چهارشنبه ۲۳ آوریل دور نخست انتخابات ریاست لبنان برگزار شد.  طبق قانون اساسی رئیس جمهور لبنان از بین مارونیهای مسیحی و توسط پارلمان انتخاب میشود.  شرط کسب ۲/۳ آرا در دور اول برای برنده شدن در رأی گیری پارلمانی برای برنده شدن وجود دارد و در صورت عدم حصول این میزان  آراء در دور اول، دور دوم برگزار میشود که در آن اکثریت ساده ۵۰+۱ رائ برای برنده شدن کافییست.

سمیر جعجع رهبر “نیروهای لبنان” که یک جریان مارونی مسیحی است نامزدی و برنامه خود را برای  دور اول ریاست جمهوری آینده کشور اعلام کرده  بود. در بین مسیحیان لبنان، نیروهای لبنان، یک جریان ناسیونالیست ضد حزب الله و ضد   رژیم بشار اسد  میباشد که هدفش ایجاد یک لبنان مدرن و دور از فرقه گرایی است. او در برنامه  جامع و ملی گرایانه خویش که آنرا چند روز پیش از انتخابات انتشار داد از جمله گفته است که در صورت رئیس جمهور شدن  به وجودهرگونه نیروی مسلح دیگری در خاک لبنان بجز ارتش پایان خواهد داد که معنای آن خلع سلاح حزب الله است.او همچنین وعده داده است که در دستگاه قضاعی کشور اصلاحات بنیادین انجام داده و این دستگاه را  از فساد پاک کند. او  بر آنست تا شبکه مخابراتی و تلفن که در حال حاضر در دست حرب الله است را تحت کنترول دولت در آورد. او همچنین وعده داده است که به زنان لبنان حقوق کاملاً مساوی با مردان بدهد.

پس از این توضیح که رئیس جمهور لبنان اولاً از مارونی های مسیحی باید باشد و در ثانی نه از طریق انتخابات همگانی بلکه با آرای پارلمانی انتخاب میگردد  و سوماً  برای پیروز شدن در دور اول به دو سوم آراء یعنی ۸۶ رأی نمایندگان پارلمان از مجموع  ۱۲۶ نماینده  نیاز دارد  باید گفته شود که سمیر جعجع بعنوان نامزد مورد حمایت بلوک ۱۴ مارس فقط توانست ۴۸ رأی بیاورد و تنها رقیب او هنریک حلوُ از بلوک مرکز به رهبری ولید جنبلاط  رهبر حزب ترقیخواه سوسیالیست و رهبر دروزیهای لبنان۱۶ رای آورد. البته هیچ یک از این دو و یا سایر نیروها انتظاری زیاد تر از اینهم در دور اول نداشتند و به این دور از رأی گیری بیشتر بعنوان ارزیابی  مقدماتی موازانه نیرو مینگریستند.

دور دوم رآی گیری ۳۰ آوریل یعنی ۶ روز دیگر خواهد بود که در آن دور، همه بازیگران کارتهای نهایی خود را بازی خواهند کرد. در این دور علاوه بر مجموع این ۴۸ + ۱۶ رأی ، تقریباً همه نمایندگان بلوک ۸ مارس یعنی ۵۲  نماینده رأی سفید دادند. علاوه بر آنها چند تا رأی سوخته هم داده شده بود.

ویژگی بسیار مهم انتخابات این دوره ریاست جمهوری در اینست در این دور نبرد نه  صرفاً بر سر پست ریاست جمهوری لبنان بلکه بر سر چیره شدن حزبالله بر لبنان یا محو شدنش از صحنه سیاسی آن کشور بعنوان یک نیروی سیاسی/نظامی/فرقه ای است. مسئله محوری این انتخابات خلع سلاح حزب الله و تبدیل آن به یک جریان سیاسی معمولی در بهترین حالت تحملی است.

قبل از انتخابات در پاسخ غیر مستقیم به برنامه رسماًً ضد حزاللهی سمیر جعجع دو تن از رهبران حزب الله با سخنانی هشدار دهنده اظهار کردند که در لبنان جایی برای سیاست های ضد حزب الله نیست.

این در حالیست که امروزه بیش از هر زمان دیگر مسئله خلع سلاح حزب الله و خارج کردن نیروهای آن از سوریه به مسئله روز سیاسی تبدیل گردیده است.

دو روز پیش هم دادگاه بین المللی ترور رفیق حریری از دولت لبنان خواست که برای بازداشت ۵ متهم به ترور رفیق حریری و تحویل آنها به آن دادگاه اقدام کند. این ۵ تن همگی از اعضای بالای حزبالله هستند.

من قصد داشتم یاداشت مفصلتری راجع به انتخابات لبنان که بنظرم مهم می باشد بنویسم ولی بواسطه تبدیل شدن این انتخابات به یک پوکر غیر قابل پیش بینی، تا دور دوم صبر میکنم.

پایان یادداشت

ضمایم زیر آرشیوی و برای مراجعات بعدی خودم است

ح ت

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Parliament fails to elect a new presidentApril 23, 2014 10:57 AM (Last updated: April 23, 2014 06:44 PM)

The Daily Star
MP Strida Geagea casts her vote during Parliament session, Wednesday, April 23, 2014. (The Daily Star/Mohammad Azakir)
MP Strida Geagea casts her vote during Parliament session, Wednesday, April 23, 2014. (The Daily Star/Mohammad Azakir)
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BEIRUT: Lebanon’s Parliament failed Wednesday to elect a new president in the first round of voting with none of the candidates receiving the two-thirds majority needed to win.

Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea won 48 votes, with 52 blank ballots cast, 16 for MP Henry Helou from Walid Jumblatt’s bloc, one vote for Kataeb head and former president Amin Gemayel, and 7 void ballots.

The parliament session was later adjourned for lack of quorum after many March 8 coalition lawmakers walked out of the session, and a new session was set for April 30.

Speaker Nabih Berri convened the first round of election at 12:05 p.m. after 124 lawmakers arrived to take part in the session. Ministers from Prime Minister Tammam Salam’s Cabinet also attended the session, as well as French Ambassador Patrice Paoli who headed a French delegation.

Lebanon has entered its two-month constitutional deadline to elect a new head of state. President Michel Sleiman’s six-year term ends on May 25.

Lebanese Forces MP Strida Geagea criticized the blank ballots, saying she had hoped that a name of a strong candidate would have been put forward instead.

“It would have been better if a clear candidate was running against us … they should have voted for a strong candidate,” Geagea told reporters following the session.

“A strong candidate would have been someone like [former] General Michel Aoun,” she added.

Geagea also commented on some of the ballots that included the names of figures killed during the war whose relatives accuse the LF leader of their murder, including Dany Chamoun and Rashid Karami.

“This is irresponsible behavior and political bankruptcy … we know how they died and who was responsible for that,” said Geagea, who maintains her husband’s innocence.

The void ballots carried the names of former Prime Minister Rashid Karami, who was killed in midair helicopter bomb explosion in 1978, Dani Chamoun and his son, Tareq, who were both killed in 1990 when Tareq was just seven, Jihan Franjieh, the daughter of Tony Franjieh who was killed in 1978, and Elias Zayek who was slain in the 1980s.

Geagea, who has denied any involvement in the killings, also held a brief news conference following the end of the session, congratulating the March 14 parties on their success in transforming the presidential election into a “purely Lebanese affair.”

“What happened in Parliament today was an attempt to disrupt the election and hold the polls just like every other election,” Geagea said in his Maarab residence, referring to MPs who cast a blank ballot.

“There is a democratic logic, despite several disruptions, but we will never go back to the way things used to happen: Agreeing on a president behind closed doors and imposing him on the Lebanese,” he added.

Presidential hopeful Helou, Jumblatt’s nominee, also vowed to continue with the presidential campaign until the end, saying “the most important thing is to help safeguard the country through an all-inclusive dialogue.”

The Future Movement-led March 14 coalition announced its unanimous support for Geagea after an extraordinary meeting Tuesday evening.

Even the Kataeb Party, which was widely expected to nominate its leader, former President Amin Gemayel, for the presidency, has committed to voting for Geagea.

Gemayel received one vote during Wednesday’s voting session.

Centrist lawmakers, including former Prime Minister Najib Mikati and MPs from Jumblatt’s parliamentary bloc, said they would either cast blank ballots or vote for Helou.

Read more: http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Apr-23/254116-mps-flock-to-parliament-for-presidential-election.ashx#ixzz2zk9d8bGN
(The Daily Star :: Lebanon News :: http://www.dailystar.com.lb)

W460

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Is it hard to elect a president? In Lebanon, yes
Is the political situation in Lebanon ‘mature’ enough for a president to be elected amid Syria-influenced domestic tensions?
 Ahram Online
Bassem Aly , Wednesday 23 Apr 2014
Lebanese Parliament

Lebanese parliament members give the newly formed cabinet a vote of confidence in Beirut, March 20, 2014. (Photo: Reuters)

The failure of the Lebanese parliament to select a new president on Wednesday reflected the extent of disagreement between its two major political blocs, leading to the postponement of the vote until 30 April.

Apparently, the frustrating outcome emerged in response to the severe split between the Hezbollah-led 8 March Alliance and the anti-Syrian 14 March Coalition, led by the Future movement, over the three-year civil war in neighbouring Syria.

On 30 April, a new voting session will take place, hopefully with a political consensus on one candidate in advance, thereby ending the process of finding a successor to current President Michel Suleiman, whose six-year term concludes on 25 May.

What happened in parliament?

Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri warned on Friday that political conditions were “not mature enough” for the election of a president, according to Lebanon’s Al-Safir newspaper.

Things went exactly that way. Four members out of the 128-member parliament did not attend the voting session, and seven votes were considered as void. The 8 March coalition’s MPs submitted 52 blank ballots.

Samir Geagea, leader of the Lebanese Forces Party, backed by the 14 March coalition, had 48 votes, while ex-president Amin Gemayel secured only one vote. MP Henri Helou won 16 votes.

Helou, whose father Pierre Helou had occupied several ministerial posts, is supported by a limited bloc of independents and centrists including Druze leader Walid Jumblatt, who announced his position a day ahead of the parliamentary voting.

A quorum of two-thirds of the votes is needed for a candidate to become president. If not available, only a 50+1 majority will be needed during the second voting round. A president must be elected in the period from 25 March until 15 May.

The Lebanese power-sharing system requires a Maronite Christian as president, a Sunni Muslim as prime minister, along with a Shia Musim for parliament speaker. This formula did not evolve out of the blue. Rather, it dates back to a 1943 agreement.

Such politico-ethnic conditions were re-asserted during the 1989 Taif Agreement, which put an end to the 15-year civil war. The peace deal also empowered the premier’s post at the presidency’s account.

Damascus’ hazardous spill over

Last December, Mohamed Chatah, an advisor to the cabinet of ex-premier Fouad Saniora and his successor Saad Hariri, died in a Beirut explosion.

One hour earlier, he accused Shia Hezbollah on Twitter of “pressing hard to be granted similar powers in security and foreign policy matters that Syria exercised in Lebanon for 15 years.”

The incident showed the extent of disagreement between the 14 and 8 March groups about the sending of Hezbollah’s fighters to Syria, a position seen by Saad Hariri and his allied groups as a threat to Lebanon’s internal security.

Saad’s father, ex-prime minister Rafik Hariri, was assassinated in a car bomb in 2005, an act that Hezbollah members are accused of committing.

Some historical facts are worth mentioning here. Damascus’ influence on Lebanon commenced with a military intervention in 1976 in a bid to stop the Lebanese civil war. The withdrawal came only after Rafik’s killing.

In relation to Lebanon’s presidential race, Syria had allegedly pressed for a three-year extension to the predecessor of President Suleiman, Emile Lahoud – thought to be Syrian leaning – in September 2004. The extension decision coincided with a UN Security Council resolution at the time calling for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Lebanon.

This time, Lebanese political forces – in addition to Suleiman himself – seemed to not be attracted to the same approach. This situation necessitates the arrival of a new president.

Andrew Tabler, a senior fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, argued that the head of the Future movement, Saad Hariri, is not going to give Hezbollah the “presidency easily,” given his rejection to the latter’s backing of the Syrian regime of Bashar Al-Assad in the ongoing war.

And then?

It took Lebanon’s premier Tamam Salam 10 months to form an equally-divided cabinet between both major blocs. When it comes to the man who will enter the Baabda palace, things are a bit tougher.

For Hezbollah, the 8 March entity in general, leader of the Free Patriotic Movement Michel Aoun is a choice that they hinted to favour for the second round, according to several media reports.

Meanwhile, head of Hezbollah’s parliamentary bloc Mohamed Raad rejected on Saturday Geagea’s candidacy, claiming that he “would delay holding the presidential election on time and cause trouble in the politically divided country.”

According to the Daily Star newspaper, Raad said that Hezbollah wants a candidate who will “safeguard and defend the resistance option and is keen on the unity of the Lebanese.”

Even Michel Aoun, a former military commander, claimed that the Lebanese people have “vivid memories” against Geagea and “have demonstrated a great deal of aggravation” against him, the Lebanese National News Agency reported.

Geagea, the candidacy list’s most controversial name, became leader of the conservative Christian party in 1986, and was a key part of the 14 March Coalition against the Hezbollah-led 8 March Alliance.

After serving 11 years in prison for crimes committed during the country’s civil war, which ended in 1990, the leader of the Lebanese militia was granted amnesty by parliament in 2005.

In an interview with Al-Arabiya last month, Geagea said that he was the “natural candidate” for the presidency, being the head of the “most popular party among Christians, according to statistics.” He added that he was waiting for the “most opportune moment” to announce his candidacy.

He has always said he would push for the withdrawal of Hezbollah troops from war-torn Syria if elected president. “Hezbollah is fighting [in Syria] in order to protect its position and that of Iran in the region, not to protect the Shias,” he said, claiming that Hezbollah’s sustained intervention in Syria will lead to the destruction of Lebanon.

Randa Slim, an expert on Lebanese affairs, said that “it is impossible” for Geagea to gain the support of 8 March, particularly Hezbollah, given the history between him and the Israelis during the civil war.

She added that the decision to leave Syria will be made only by Hezbollah and its Iranian patron, and that the only community in Lebanon that can pressure Hezbollah to leave Syria are Lebanon’s Shia.

“We are not near that stage. Especially after the war of terror waged by Sunni extremist groups operating in Syria targeting Shia-majority communities in Lebanon, the majority of Lebanon’s Shia support Hezbollah’s military intervention in Syria. Whether or not this will remain the case will depend on how long this intervention will last,” Slim noted.

 

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Geagea: We Will Not Acquiesce to Settlement over Presidential Elections

by Naharnet Newsdesk ۲ hours ago

W460

Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea hailed on Wednesday the March 14 camp on the success of the first round of the presidential elections, saying that it restored dignity to the polls after years of foreign meddling.

He remarked: “We will not acquiesce to a settlement over the presidential elections and we will continue with the democratic process until the end.”

He made his statement after parliament held the first round of the elections in which he is a candidate.

He received the vote of 48 MPs, while 16 lawmakers voted for Aley lawmaker Henri Helou, one for Kataeb Party chief ex-President Amin Gemayel, and 52 cast blank ballots.

سمیر جعجع نامزد مورد نظر بلوک ۱۴ مارس و رهبر نیروهای لبنان ۴۸ رای و هنری حلوُ نامزد بلوک مرکز تحت رهبری ولید جنبلات  ۱۶ رأی و که

Discarded votes included names of victims of the Lebanese Civil War.

“We will not return to old habits of choosing a president behind closed doors and through foreign interference,” added Geagea in reference to Syria’s influence over the elections in the past.

“We will continue with the electoral process to the end and until a Lebanese-elected president is chosen,” he vowed.

Asked about the names of civil war martyrs that were cast, the LF chief replied: “I was hoping that the other camp would have resorted to honorable means to express its disdain for the elections.”

He criticized the manner in which the other camp “threw about the names of the victims,” accusing the March 8 alliance of seeking to obstruct and tarnish the electoral process in order to pave the way for foreign meddling in the polls.

On claims that he is a confrontational presidential candidate, Geagea asked: “Do they want a president who does not have a presidential program? Don’t they want a president who has answers to Lebanon’s problems?”

“We will cooperate with whichever president is elected as long as he is chosen through democratic means,” he added.

The Christian leader, along with several other March 14 officials and reporters, had followed up the parliamentary session from his residence in Maarab.

Earlier on Wednesday, Geagea expressed regret that the March 8 alliance didn’t name a candidate for the presidential elections, describing the electoral process as “normal.”

“For the first time in many years the presidential elections are serious and made in Lebanon,” he told reporters.

He pointed out that “the rival party has no choice but to deal with the matter seriously.”

The first round of the elections failed to elect a new president amid disputes over the name of the new head of state, which threatens a vacuum at the helm of the country’s most important Christian post.

Parliamentary blocs will vote for two candidates – Geagea and the Democratic Gathering parliamentary bloc member, MP Henri Helou.

A candidate needed to secure 86 votes of the 128-member parliament during the first round to be named president.

A second round of elections will be held on April 30, where a candidate will need 65 votes to claim victory.

یک کاندایدا برای برنده شدن در دور اول بایستی ۸۶ رأی از مجموع ۱۲۸ رأی را بیاورد.  ولی برای برنده شدن در دور دوم کسب ۶۵  رأی کافیست

 

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Lebanon’s Parliament convenes to elect new presidentApril 23, 2014 10:57 AM (Last updated: April 23, 2014 12:16 PM)

The Daily Star
MP Nabil De Freij salutes upon seeing former Prime Minister Fouad Siniora in front of the Parliament in Beirut, Thursday, April 10, 2014.(The Daily Star/Mohammad Azakir)
MP Nabil De Freij salutes upon seeing former Prime Minister Fouad Siniora in front of the Parliament in Beirut, Thursday, April 10, 2014.(The Daily Star/Mohammad Azakir)
A+ A-

BEIRUT: Lebanon’s Parliament convened Wednesday to vote for a new president, with none of the candidates expected to receive the two-thirds majority needed to win.

Speaker Nabih Berri convened the first round of election at 12:05 p.m. after 124 lawmakers arrived to take part in the session.

The Future Movement-led March 14 coalition announced its unanimous support for Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea after an extraordinary meeting Tuesday evening.

Even the Kataeb Party, which was widely expected to nominate its leader, former President Amin Gemayel, for the presidency, has committed to voting for Geagea.

In the first round of voting, Geagea is expected to garner around 50 votes, well below the 86 votes that are required to win the presidency.

The rival Hezbollah-led March 8 alliance is expected to cast blank ballots. The coalition’s most likely candidate, MP Michel Aoun, has yet to officially announce his candidacy.

Centrist lawmakers, including former Prime Minister Najib Mikati and MPs from Jumblatt’s parliamentary bloc, will either cast blank ballots or vote for MP Henry Helou, who has been nominated by Jumblatt’s bloc. Helou is expected to garner about 15 vote.

Read more: http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Apr-23/254116-mps-flock-to-parliament-for-presidential-election.ashx#ixzz2zhT2fJae
(The Daily Star :: Lebanon News :: http://www.dailystar.com.lb)

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Lebanese parliament to vote on new president Wednesday

Geagea considered frontrunner, but other candidates may still emerge as next head of state

A handout picture distributed by the Lebanese Forces on April 4, 2014 shows Lebanese Christian leader Samir Geagea (C) attending a press conference in Maarab, northeast of Beirut. (AFP Photo/Lebanese Forces)

A handout picture distributed by the Lebanese Forces on April 4, 2014 shows Lebanese Christian leader Samir Geagea (C) attending a press conference in Maarab, northeast of Beirut. (AFP Photo/Lebanese Forces)

London, Asharq Al-Awsat—Lebanon’s search for a new president may encounter fresh obstacles in the first round of voting on Wednesday, according to press reports.

The president of Lebanon, traditionally a Maronite Christian, is elected by a secret ballot of MPs, yet so far no consensus candidate has emerged with enough support in the country’s parliament to win an outright victory.

Political sources told the Reuters news agency on Tuesday that a number of Lebanese MPs intended to submit blank ballots on Wednesday, ensuring that no candidate could win a first-round vote, which requires a two-thirds majority, or subsequent ballots, which require a simple majority.

There are 128 MPs in the Lebanese parliament.

The most prominent figure to declare himself a candidate so far is Samir Geagea of the Lebanese Forces Party, who is backed by the March 14 Alliance led by Saad Al-Hariri.

Geagea’s wife, MP Strida Geagea, headed a Lebanese Forces Party delegation that met with Lebanon’s parliamentary speaker, Nabih Berri, on Tuesday, to present a copy of her husband’s manifesto.

Speaking to reporters after her meeting with Berri, she said: “We expect Geagea to get no less than 50 votes for the first round of election . . . We have 37 votes from the Future bloc [and] eight votes from the Lebanese Forces, along with several other independent lawmakers.”

But the rival March 8 Alliance, which includes Hezbollah, has hinted that it favors Michel Aoun, a former army chief who leads to Free Patriotic Movement, also part of March 8.

Aoun has yet to officially declare himself a candidate, but has positioned himself as a consensus figure, in contrast to Geagea, the only former warlord to be jailed for his part in the Lebanese Civil War and a prominent opponent of Hezbollah.

Geagea’s failure to secure a first-round victory could open the door for other candidates—such as Aoun—to throw their hats into the ring or refocus attention on less prominent figures.

Christian MP Robert Ghanem has also declared himself a candidate, and has sought to portray himself as a moderate acceptable to all sides.

“I announced my candidacy on the basis that I am a consensus president. According to Article 49, the president is the head of the nation’s unit and works for its institutions . . . When I announced I was running, I was convinced that the power of moderation is the effective power that can restore state institutions,” he told reporters on Tuesday.

The head of the Progressive Socialist Party, Walid Jumblatt, also nominated a member of his party, Henry Helou, for the presidency on Tuesday.

Press reports have also mooted Lebanese army commander Jean Kahwaji and central bank governor Riad Salameh as potential candidates.

According to the Lebanese constitution, lawmakers have two months to select a new head of state, with incumbent Michel Suleiman due to step down on May 25 at the end of his six-year term.

It is considered crucial for Lebanon to select a new president ahead of parliamentary elections later this year, after the country spent ten months without a government due to a political deadlock that was only resolved in February.

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STL Issues New Arrest Warrants for Hariri’s Suspected Murderers

by Naharnet Newsdesk

W460

The Special Tribunal for Lebanon announced on Tuesday issuing new arrest warrants for the five suspects accused of being involved in the assassination of former premier Rafik Hariri, following the Prosecution’s submission of a joint indictment.

“The STL has issued new arrest warrants for Salim Jamil Ayyash, Mustafa Amine Badreddine, Hassan Habib Merhi, Hussein Hassan Oneissi and Assad Hassan Sabra following the Prosecution’s submission of a consolidated indictment,” the tribunal said in a released statement.

It explained that that the “indictment reflects the charges against all of the five accused as a result of the joinder decision of 25 February 2014.”

“The Trial Chamber has now requested that the Lebanese authorities act on these new arrest warrants,” the statement said.

“International arrest warrants will also be provided to Interpol for circulation in other countries,” it added, noting that the charges against the accused remain unchanged.

The in absentia trial of four Hizbullah members accused of murdering Hariri in February 2005 opened in The Hague in January 2014.

Ayyash, Badreddine, Oneissi and Sabra were indicted in 2011 with plotting the attack, but have not been arrested. Meanwhile, Merhi was charged in late 2013 in the case and is also still at large.

On February 26, the Trial Chamber ordered the adjournment of the trial sessions until at least early to mid-May to allow Defense counsel for Merhi adequate time to prepare for trial and to conduct their own investigations.

The February 14, 2005 seafront blast killed 22 people including Hariri and wounded 226, leading to the establishment by the U.N. Security Council of the STL in 2007.

 

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March 14 Declares Geagea Its Presidential Candidate as Mustaqbal, Kataeb Officially Announce

Supporting Him

by Naharnet Newsdesk 

W460

Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea succeeded on Tuesday in gathering the support of the March 14 alliance in his run for presidency, on the eve of a parliamentary session dedicated for holding the first round of vote on a new head of state.

March 14 leaders convened in the evening at the Center House, and declared Geagea as their candidate for presidency.

“We discussed the presidential elections and we stressed the importance of respecting constitutional deadlines,” the alliance said in a statement after the talks.

“And after communicating with all parties, leaders and political figures in the coalition, we confirm supporting the nomination of Geagea and we consider that his candidacy is a representation of the principles on which the Cedar Revolution and March 14 were based,” it added.

“We hope all MPs will consider (Wednesday’s session) an opportunity to cross towards establishing a state in Lebanon.”

MTV noted that MPs Marwan Hamadeh, Antoine Saad and Fouad al-Saad attended March 14 coalition’s meeting, hours after Progressive Socialist Party leader MP Walid Jumblat announced the revival of the Democratic Gathering parliamentary bloc and the nomination of its member MP Henri Helou for the presidency.

However, it was not immediately clear whether they will vote for Geagea or Helou.

Earlier in the day, both the Kataeb Party and al-Mustaqbal bloc also announced that Geagea is their presidential candidate.

The Kataeb Party stated that it will attend Wednesday’s parliamentary session aimed at electing a new president.

MP Elie Marouni said after the party’s meeting: “We will take part in the session and vote for LF leader Samir Geagea as president.”

“The party is working on bolstering the unity of the March 14 alliance to help it in the electoral process to ensure Geagea’s victory,” he added in a brief statement.

Later on Tuesday, Geagea telephoned Kataeb leader Amin Gemayel to thank him for his support in the run for office.

“The LF and the Kataeb have always shared the same path,” Geagea said.

The Kataeb political bureau announced on Monday that “the current period requires — more than ever — the presence of a competent president at the helm of the country, given the ongoing challenges and the fateful transformations that are surrounding Lebanon and the Middle East.”

“Accordingly, the political bureau stressed the need to preserve the unity and solidarity of the March 14 forces … so that their candidate can seek to garner the broadest national support,” it added.

Also on Tuesday, al-Mustaqbal parliamentary bloc convened at the Center House and officially announced endorsing Geagea’s candidacy for presidency.

“Geagea’s presidential program reflects the aspirations of a majority of the Lebanese in having an independent, sovereign and free state who has a monopoly of power over Lebanese territories,” a statement issued by the MPs said after the meeting.

The statement continued: “This program is also a reflection of the principles and core values of the independence revolution and of the March 14 coalition in facing projects of hegemony and military and security domination.”

The MPs emphasized the March 14 alliance’s unity.

“We must preserve this solidarity especially as Hizbullah’s weaponry is developing and attempting to take control of the country, and as the party is participating in the fighting in Syria alongside an oppressive regime that has lost its legitimacy,” they explained.

The bloc’s statement comes on day earlier MP Ahmed Fatfat announced after meeting with a LF delegation that al-Mustaqbal lawmakers “fully support” Geagea for presidency.

However, and while the bloc has officially announced endorsing Geagea’s run for office, the decision of the northern city of Tripoli’s MPs is still ambiguous. Reports have said that the Tripoli MPs will not back the LF leader, especially as northern residents have openly voiced their rejection of his nomination and even took to the streets to condemn any possible support by the city’s MPs to his candidacy.

Geagea and Democratic Gathering MP Henri Helou are so far the only two candidates running in the elections.

The March 8 camp has not yet declared a candidate for the polls.

Parliament is expected to convene on Wednesday to elect a president amid concerns that the needed quorum will not be met.

 

***********

Salam Hopes for Election of President, Says Differences Lie on Internal Use of Resistance Arms

by Naharnet Newsdesk

W460

Prime Minister Tammam Salam hoped that the parliament would elect a new president on Wednesday and stressed that the differences between the rival parties were not on the concept of resistance but on the use of its arms in Lebanon.

In an interview with Sky News Arabia, Salam said: “Nothing prevents an agreement on the name of the president if the political parties had the intention and will.”

“The president could be elected by simple majority,” he said although he did not rule out any other scenario.

Parliament is scheduled to convene on Wednesday to elect a new president. Lebanese Forces chief Samir Geagea is the sole politician who has officially announced his candidacy.

Salam denied there was foreign intervention in the election process as with former presidents. But he said: “With no doubt there was some foreign influence.”

“This is not something new,” he told his interviewer.

Asked about Hizbullah, Salam said: “We need the resistance as long as there is occupied land.”

“The differences are not on the concept of resistance but on the use of the resistance’s arms internally,” the premier stated.

“This raises the question: Where is the state? And where is the decision of war and peace?”

“This decision should be in the hands of the state and the resistance should know that … the state is the (sole) authority,” Salam said.

The prime minister stressed that his “cabinet does not run a crisis but runs a country.”

“The security achievement was the result of consensus between the political parties,” he said, adding: “Without it there would not have been any possibility to cut the road to outlaws.”

The authorities are implementing a security plan in the northern city of Tripoli and the eastern Bekaa Valley, which has so far led to the arrest of dozens of criminals.

*****************************

Report: Aoun Won’t Attend Election Session, his MPs to Cast Blank Votes

by Naharnet Newsdesk ۱ hour ago

he Change and Reform Bloc is expected to attend the parliamentary session on the presidential election on Wednesday without its leader MP Michel Aoun amid a tendency to cast so-called blank votes.

Pan-Arab daily al-Hayat quoted Change and Reform sources as saying that Aoun would decide on the move during the bloc’s weekly meeting on Tuesday.

His lawmakers and their allies in the March 8 alliance are expected to cast white votes to protest the candidacy of Lebanese Forces chief Samir Geagea.

The protest votes would be 56 or 57 if the three Tripoli MPs join them, exceeding the votes that Geagea would get from his March 14 alliance by one or two, al-Hayat said.

The Tripoli MPs – former Premier Najib Miqati and former Ministers Mohammed al-Safadi and Ahmed Karami – could resort to another option to vote for the candidate of Progressive Socialist Party leader Walid Jumblat, the daily said.

Reports have said that Jumblat, who heads the centrist National Struggle Front bloc, would on Tuesday announce the candidacy of his bloc member MP Henri Helou.

 

**********

Kataeb Calls for Preserving ‘March 14 Unity’ in Presidential Vote

by Naharnet Newsdesk

W460

The Kataeb Party called Monday for preserving “the unity and solidarity of the March 14 forces” and for choosing a March 14 presidential candidate who can garner “the broadest national support.”

“Kataeb’s politburo convened this evening and evaluated the outcome of the contacts made by its members regarding the nomination of party leader Amin Gemayel for the presidency of the Lebanese republic,” a statement said.

The political bureau pointed out that “the current period requires — more than ever — the presence of a competent president at the helm of the country, given the ongoing challenges and the fateful transformations that are surrounding Lebanon and the Middle East.”

The politburo urged all parliamentary blocs to attend the first round of voting on Wednesday and to secure quorum in order to kickstart the process of electing a new president.

“Accordingly, the political bureau stressed the need to preserve the unity and solidarity of the March 14 forces … so that their candidate can seek to garner the broadest national support,” said the statement.

“Kataeb’s political bureau has tasked party leader Amin Gemayel with the responsibility of continuing political contacts, in order to take the appropriate stances that might be needed in light of the developments and the phases of the electoral process,” the statement added.

So far, Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea is the only political leader who has announced his official nomination for the presidency.

According to media reports, contacts are underway between Kataeb and the LF in a bid reach consensus over a single March 14 presidential candidate.

LBCI television reported Friday that contacts between Bikfaya and Maarab were close to producing consensus over the presidential vote and therefore preserving the March 14 coalition’s unity.

Kataeb MP Elie Marouni assured on Thursday that Gemayel is a “natural candidate in the presidential race, because the party sees in him a strong and popular president.”

Labor Minister Sejaan Qazzi, who is Gemayel’s adviser, announced as well that the Kataeb leader was preparing to declare his candidacy.

“Gemayel is a normal candidate for presidency … He doesn’t need an electoral program,” Qazzi told al-Jadeed television.

President Michel Suleiman’s tenure ends on May 25, but the constitutional period to elect a new head of state began on March 25. The parliament will hold the first round of voting on Wednesday.

The election is not expected to be an easy process amid a lack of agreement on a consensual candidate.

 

**********************************

Raad: Next President Must Embrace Resistance, Be Aware of Its Role

by Naharnet Newsdesk ۶ hours ago

W460

Head of Loyalty to Resistance bloc MP Mohammed Raad stressed Monday that the country’s next president must “embrace the resistance and must be aware of its role and importance.”

“Our people and their representatives (in parliament) have the right to choose the president who can preserve the resistance’s achievements, the unity of the Lebanese, national sovereignty and independence,” Raad said during a memorial service in the southern town of Deir al-Zahrani.

“We are before a presidential vote in a country whose land was liberated from a Zionist occupation,” Raad noted.

“Had it not been for the resistance and its fighters and martyrs, this election would not have been on the table today, and therefore it is not acceptable to elect a president whose mentality and choices contradict with the resistance’s achievements,” he added.

The top Hizbullah lawmaker underlined that “the next president must embrace the resistance and be aware of its role and importance, not out of idealistic devotion but rather out of keenness on national sovereignty, which would always be at risk without resistance.”

“Those nominating themselves for the presidency must endorse this vision while competing against a candidate who is carrying the program of a new civil war,” Raad added, in an apparent reference to Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea.

Last week, Geagea announced a presidential program that focuses on “restoring the authority of the state against the proliferation of weapons.” He is the sole politician to have officially announced his candidacy for the polls, whose first round will be held on Wednesday.

Without naming him, Raad emphasized that “all parties” do not perceive Geagea as a serious presidential candidate.

President Michel Suleiman’s tenure ends on May 25, but the constitutional period to elect a new head of state began on March 25.

The election is not expected to be an easy process amid a lack of agreement on a consensual candidate.

 

*************************************

Geagea Does Not Fear Security Chaos in Case of Pre

by Naharnet Newsdesk

W460

Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea stated that vacuum in the presidency is possible “should the other camp choose to obstruct the democratic process,” reported al-Jazeera television.

He said in an interview that will be aired on Monday night: “I do not fear security chaos should vacuum arise.”

“Vacuum is also possible should centrists shy away from their responsibilities,” he remarked.

“Vacuum should instead demand that we study the situation because a certain faction in Lebanon does not want to ensure the rise of the state,” explained the LF chief.

“We cannot continue in an imbalanced and uneven state that does not have complete authority over its powers,” Geagea said.

Asked about the rapprochement over the presidential elections between the rival Mustaqbal Movement and Free Patriotic Movement, he responded: “We support open talks between all Lebanese.”

“Attempts to understand the other are not a sign that concessions over a political agenda will be made,” he noted.

Moreover, Geagea denied claims that regional and international powers are seeking the election of FPM leader MP Michel Aoun as president due to his ties with Hizbullah and the possibility that he may reach an agreement with the party over its possession of arms.

“I have not received any foreign diplomatic proposals on Aoun’s election, but I believe that some March 8 camp media outlets are promoting such claims,” he said.

The regional and international role in the elections is limited, he noted, while pointing out that Iran alone is holding sway over the polls.

“We have a serious chance to elect a president who is ‘made in Lebanon’ seeing as major powers are preoccupied with other affairs,” he stressed.

Asked if a constitutional amendment will be made to elect a president outside of the political fold, such as Central Bank Governor Riyad Salameh or Army Commander General Jean Qahwaji, Geagea replied that none of the parliamentary blocs have made such a suggestion.

“A constitutional amendment is only made when a very dangerous development takes place and only with the consent of all parties,” he explained.

Geagea is so far the only official to submit his nomination for the elections.

President Michel Suleiman’s six-year term ends in May.

A parliamentary session to hold the elections has been scheduled for Wednesday, amid concerns that the necessary quorum will not be met.

Speaker Nabih Berri had stated that the conditions to hold the elections are “not ripe yet.”

The deadline to elect a president ends on May 25.

 

*********************

Qaouq Says Lebanon Can’t Tolerate ‘Anti-Resistance, Anti-Syria’ President

by Naharnet Newsdesk ۴ hours ago

W460

Deputy head of Hizbullah’s Executive Council Sheikh Nabil Qaouq declared Sunday that his party is seeking the election of a Lebanese president who is “feared by Israel,” stressing that Lebanon cannot tolerate an “anti-resistance” and anti-Syria president.

“Lebanon is on the eve of a major national juncture that concerns every Lebanese, and Hizbullah is very concerned with the course of this presidential election and it is not neutral or a mere spectator,” Qaouq said.

“We are seeking to secure the election of a strong president who is feared by Israel and whom Israel would not want to see in the Baabda Palace,” the Hizbullah official added.

He defined a “strong president” as one who is “the strongest at the national level and whose election would represent a message of firmness and invincibility in the face of Israel and the takfiris.”

Qaouq called on “those betting on the election of an anti-resistance and anti-Syria president” to “cease these bets,” underscoring that “Lebanon does not tolerate such a president and it is not the right arena for foreign dictates and obligations.”

“Israel had bet on international resolutions to weaken the resistance and it failed, and it bet on the March 14 camp — which had targeted and is still targeting the resistance’s arms — and it has also failed,” Qaouq added.

“After all these futile bets, the resistance today is at the peak of its strength and is living its best days at the political, military and popular levels,” he said.

President Michel Suleiman’s tenure ends on May 25, but the constitutional period to elect a new head of state began on March 25.

On Wednesday, Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea announced a presidential program that focused on “restoring the authority of the state against the proliferation of weapons during a time of regional unrest.”

He is the sole politician to have officially announced his candidacy for the polls, whose first round will be held on April 23.

The election is not expected to be an easy process amid a lack of agreement on a consensual candidate.

*****************************************************************

Ongoing Contacts between Geagea, Kataeb to Name Single March 14 Candidate, LF Delegation Soon in Rabieh

by Naharnet Newsdesk ۲ days ago

W460

Contacts are underway between the Lebanese Forces and the Kataeb party in an attempt to reach consensus over a single March 14 presidential candidate, after several party officials close to Amin Gemayel hinted that the former president might soon announce running for office.

LBCI television reported on Friday that the ongoing contacts between Bikfayya and Maarab are close to reaching consensus over the presidential elections, in an attempt to preserve the March 14 coalition’s unity.

LBCI first said that LF MP Sethrida Geagea was tasked with contacting the Kataeb party.

MP Geagea telephoned Gemayel right after the LF leader announced his presidency, asking for an appointment to coordinate in matters related to the presidential vote, according to MTV.

But later, LBCI noted that the party’s chief, Samir Geagea and not MP Sethrida Geagea, was the person in contact with Kataeb officials.

Al-Mustaqbal MP Fatfat told al-Arabiya on Friday afternoon that Geagea has introduced “a new approach of political work in Lebanon and a new aspect of democracy by announcing his candidacy.”

“This is because the tradition before was having under-the-table negotiations,” he commented.

He also remarked that March 14 will reveal its candidate for presidency after Gemayel takes a final decision on his nomination.

“But reports said contacts are underway between LF and Kataeb over this matter and we think that this is a positive sign,” the al-Mustaqbal lawmaker expressed.

In a related matter, MTV said that a LF delegation will visit Free Patriotic Movement leader MP Michel Aoun in the coming hours to hand him over Geagea’s presidential program, and to discuss the upcoming elections with him.

“We will request an appointment to meet with Hizbullah officials as well but we are not sure they will be responsive. But we are going to do what we have to do,” LF sources told MTV.

Kataeb MP Elie Marouni assured on Thursday that Gemayel is a “natural candidate in the presidential race, because the party sees in him a strong and popular president.”

Labor Minister Sejaan Qazzi, who’s Gemayel’s adviser, announced as well that the Kataeb leader is preparing to declare his candidacy.

“Gemayel is a natural candidate for presidency. He is a de facto nominee and he doesn’t need an electoral program,” Qazzi told al-Jadeed television.

On Wednesday, Geagea announced a presidential program that focused on “restoring the authority of the state against the proliferation of weapons during a time of regional unrest.”

The LF chief also called for a state monopoly on the use of force, including confronting Israel.

He is the sole politician to have officially announced his candidacy for the polls, which are first scheduled to be held on April 23.

Speaker Nabih Berri called on MPs to meet next Wednesday, although the election is not expected to be an easy process amid a lack of agreement on a consensual candidate.

President Michel Suleiman’s six-year tenure ends on May 25.

********************************

Al-Rahi Congratulates Geagea on Candidacy, Political Platform

by Naharnet Newsdesk ۲ hours ago

W460

Maronite Patriarch Beshara al-Rahi has congratulated Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea on the announcement of his candidacy and his presidential platform.

Al-Rahi telephoned Geagea on Thursday night and thanked him for sending a delegation to hand him a copy of his program, the LF leader’s press office said.

It added that the patriarch also congratulated Geagea on his candidacy and his program which focuses on means to create a “strong Republic.”

The press office said in a similar statement on Thursday that President Michel Suleiman made a similar call to the LF chief the day before to praise the program’s “clear vision for a strong Republic.”

Geagea announced on Wednesday his presidential program that focused on restoring the authority of the state against the proliferation of weapons during a time of regional unrest.

The LF chief also called for a state monopoly on the use of force, including confronting Israel.

He is the only politician to have officially announced his candidacy for the polls, which are first scheduled to be held on April 23.

Speaker Nabih Berri called on MPs to meet next Wednesday, although the election is not expected to be an easy process amid a lack of agreement on a consensual candidate.

Suleiman’s six-year tenure ends on May 25.

 

Berri: Conditions Not Ripe to Hold Presidential Elections on

Wednesday, Hopes Hariri Will Attend

by Naharnet Newsdesk ۱ hour ago

W460

Speaker Nabih Berri voiced his skepticism that the parliamentary session to elect a president will be held, saying that the conditions to ensure its success are “not ripe yet,” reported As Safir newspaper on Friday.

He remarked: “The conditions may not be ripe at the moment, but that does not mean that they will not be available before next Wednesday.”

The speaker had called parliament to convene on April 23 to elect a president.

Asked if head of the Mustaqbal Movement MP Saad Hariri will attend the session, Berri replied: “I hope so and that he would remain in Lebanon permanently.”

Media reports had linked a recent visit by Justice Minister Ashraf Rifi to Saudi Arabia to Hariri’s return to Lebanon to attend the presidential elections session.

Commenting on the session, Berri said that he will kick it off once the quorum of two-thirds of lawmakers is met and then the election process could get underway.

“If a president is elected during this first round, then the elections would be complete, otherwise a second or third round may be held,” he explained.

In addition, he revealed that he will chair a meeting for his Development and Liberation bloc on Tuesday in order to discuss the presidential elections and agree on a candidate, said al-Joumhouria newspaper.

“The March 8 camp only has one candidate and that is Free Patriotic Movement leader MP Michel Aoun. The March 14 alliance on the other hand has several candidates,” he remarked.

Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea of the March 14 alliance is so far the only official to submit his candidacy.

He presented his presidential program on Wednesday.

Media reports had said on Thursday that Kataeb Party chief Amin Gemayel, also of the March 14 camp, will announce his nomination before the end of the week.

The March 8 camp has not yet announced its candidate, but Aoun has reportedly informed his ally Hizbullah that he is prepared to take the post if there was consensus on him.

Aoun has allegedly sent similar messages to Hariri, who leads the March 14 camp.

Berri has said that any candidate must secure two-thirds of votes to win in the first round of elections and half-plus-one or 65 votes of the 128-member parliament to win in the second round.

 

***************************

Suleiman Congratulates Geagea on his Vision for ‘Strong Republic’

by Naharnet Newsdesk ۳ hours ago

President Michel Suleiman has telephoned Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea to congratulate him on the announcement of his candidacy for the presidential elections and his platform, the LF chief’s press office said Thursday.

The terse statement said the phone conversation between Suleiman and Geagea took place on Wednesday night.

“Suleiman congratulated him on the announcement of his candidacy for the presidency and his presidential program, and lauded … its clear vision for a strong Republic,” it said.

Geagea announced on Wednesday his presidential program that focused on restoring the authority of the state against the proliferation of weapons during a time of regional unrest.

The LF chief also called for a state monopoly on the use of force, including confronting Israel.

He is the sole politician to have officially announced his candidacy for the polls, whose first round is scheduled to be held on April 23.

Speaker Nabih Berri called on MPs to meet next Wednesday, although the election is not expected to be a easy process amid a lack of agreement on a consensual candidate.

President Michel Suleiman’s six-year tenure ends on May 25.

****************************************************

Geagea Announces Presidential Program, Stresses Need to Control

Proliferation of Arms

 

by Naharnet Newsdesk Yesterday
16 Maj

W460

Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea announced on Wednesday his presidential program that focused on restoring the authority of the state against the proliferation of weapons during a time of regional unrest.

He declared: “No country in the world would accept that its authority be subject to armed groups that exist outside of the state.”

“There will be no compromise in dealing with the spread of arms,” he stressed.

“The position of the presidency still retains important privileges despite the adoption of the Taef Accord” in 1989, he continued, while blaming the 29-year period of Syrian hegemony over Lebanon for weakening the presidency.

“The president is capable of playing a central role in directing political life in Lebanon towards the true national path,” Geagea said.

“A strong president is capable of implementing the constitution and serving national goals that achieve higher Lebanese national interests,” he continued.

Lebanon is passing through one of the most dangerous stages in its history and the state can no longer tolerate that it be burdened by those obstructing its functioning, he added.

“The Lebanese entity can no longer support any side that creates imbalance in the state and violates its principles and coexistence,” he stated.

There should be a radical solution to this flaw in Lebanon, stressed the LF leader.

“The greatest challenge I face in running for the presidency lies in implementing the constitution and laws in a manner that will restore the authority of the state,” Geagea declared.

The presidency is the starting point for achieving these goals, he said.

“The current phase in Lebanon does not tolerate semi-solutions, semi-positions, and semi-presidents,” he added, noting that centrism has turned into a “lethal grey area that resulted in lack of clarity in stances.”

“There is no room for centrism, which has only yielded compromises to accommodate the status quo,” he lamented.

The main challenge lies in committing to the Taef Accord as a means to implement the constitution and achieve national balance, he continued.

Moreover, he stressed the need to tackle the flaws that have emerged in the presidency, while calling for staging the parliamentary elections as soon as the presidential polls are over.

“We seek a state that protects its people and imposes complete and balanced security at its institutions and throughout its territory,” he declared.

Geagea’s presidential program called for introducing reform in the judiciary, saying: “There can be no state, economy, or security without a proper justice system.”

“I will not be lenient in combating corruption among judges and I seek to expose them and hold them accountable for their actions,” he said.

In addition, he called for introducing reform at state security institutions, which he said are still subject to the influence of Syrian hegemony despite the Syrian troop withdrawal in 2005.

“The military and security institutions are the only remaining means to preserve Lebanon’s security and stability,” he remarked.

Commenting on Lebanon’s economy, Geagea pledged to develop Lebanon’s ports and airport, noting that it is no longer acceptable during the age of globalization for the country to only have one functioning airport.

The economy can also be revitalized through the tourism sector, which the LF chief noted was only contributing to 18 percent of the country’s income.

Furthermore, he vowed to take a transparent approach in exploiting Lebanon’s oil and gas wealth, stressing that he will protect it from corruption.

Revitalizing the economy also requires reform, cutting down on unemployment, reducing the public debt, and limiting youth immigration, he stated.

His program also tackled the condition at border-crossings, calling for putting an end to the disorganization at air, land, and water crossings.

He pledged to tackle corruption at these outlets “without any civil, military, and religious exceptions even if new laws have to be put in place to this end.”

Geagea also called for annulling the death penalty, improving the situation at Lebanese prisons, revising all laws that concern women’s rights, and applying a healthcare program that includes all the Lebanese people.

Commenting on regional developments, he reiterated the need for Lebanon to commit to the Baabda Declaration, prevent the Syrian crisis from spreading to Lebanon, and collaborate with Arab countries to resolve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

On this note, he expressed his rejection of the naturalization of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon, while stressing that Syrian refugees should also be allowed to return to their homeland once the conflict is resolved.

Geagea also voiced his support for the Arab Spring, “despite some of its shortcomings and the emergence of extremism.”

“I strongly condemn fundamentalism and will work on combating it,” he said.

Moreover, he said that should he be elected president, he will see that the Lebanese state commits to international resolutions and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon.

“The state alone is responsible for protecting Lebanon and the Lebanese people and confronting various Israeli assaults,” stressed the LF leader, while demanding that the border with Syria be demarcated.

Following the announcement of Geagea’s presidential program, LF MPs Antoine Zahra and Jospeh Maalouf visited President Michel Suleiman to hand him a copy of the program, reported LBCI television.

Earlier, an LF parliamentary delegation headed to Bkirki for talks with Maronite Patriarch Beshara al-Rahi.

MP Sethrida Geagea confirmed after handing the patriarch a copy of the program that the LF bloc will take part in the April 23 parliamentary session to elect a new president.

M.T.

G.K.

TIMELINE
  • 24 hours agoGeagea: I look forward legitimate presidential elections that pave the way for Lebanon’s salvation.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea: The state alone is responsible for defending the country.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea stressed the need to demarcate the border with Syria and resolve the case of the Shebaa Farms and Kfarshouba Hills.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea voiced his commitment to the Special Tribunal for Lebanon and U.N. resolution.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea: Lebanon must adhere to its Arab and international commitments.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea on Palestinian-Israeli conflict: We reject Palestinian refugees’ naturalization in Lebanon under any excuse.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea on Syrian crisis: A solution to the conflict should ensure that Syrian refugees return to their homeland.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea on regional developments: I pledge my support for the Arab Spring, despite its shortcomings and instances during which it steered away from its goals.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea: I will stand against extremism in the Arab world.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea on women’s rights: I vow to revise all laws that tackle this issue.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea proposed the establishment of a ministry to tackle expatriate affairs.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea pledged to improve the agriculture sector and introduce green spaces in Lebanon.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea: I will ensure that customs laws will be properly implemented at all border-crossings, even if new laws have to be put in place to this end.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea stressed the need for the proper control of land, air, and water border-crossings.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea: Proper functioning of the various state institutions can be achieved through combating corruption.
  • 24 hours agoGeagea on decentralization: It should be implemented as stipulated in the Taef Accord and as adopted by various countries around the world.
  • YesterdayGeagea suggested reopening various airports in Lebanon, as well as developing Lebanese ports.
  • YesterdayGeagea: Proper investments can place Lebanon on the global tourism map.
  • YesterdayGeagea on tourism: We have reaped so little of what this sector can yield for Lebanon.
  • YesterdayGeagea on oil and gas wealth: Their discovery can act both as a blessing and a curse. I seek to preserve this wealth through a transparent approach.
  • YesterdayGeagea demanded that reform be introduced in the electricity and telecommunications sectors.
  • YesterdayGeagea: Investments should be made in the infrastructure and the role of regulatory authorities should be reactivated.
  • YesterdayGeagea stressed the need for economic reform, revitalizing growth, cutting down on unemployment, reducing the public debt, and limiting youth immigration.
  • YesterdayGeagea on Lebanon’s economy: The economy cannot be stabilized without restoring faith in the state.
  • YesterdayGeagea: Is is acceptable that no substantial leads were achieved in crimes committed against March 14 figures?
  • YesterdayGeagea on state security agencies: Despite the independence in 2005, these apparatuses are still plagued by the remains of Syrian hegemony in Lebanon.
  • YesterdayGeagea on capital punishment: Lebanon should work on eliminating the death penalty in accordance with U.N. principles.
  • YesterdayGeagea pledged that if he is elected president that he will tackle the state of prisons in Lebanon.
  • YesterdayGeagea: I will not compromise in tackling the corruption at the justice system.
  • YesterdayGeagea: The problems in the justice system have led the people to lose faith in it.
  • YesterdayGeagea: The problems in the justice system have impacted the social and economic situation in Lebanon.
  • YesterdayGeagea: Tackling all these issues lies in reforming the justice system.
  • YesterdayGeagea: We seek a state that preserves the people’s rights and dignity and which offers its youths a future.
  • YesterdayGeagea on spread of arms in Lebanon: No country in the world would accept that its authority would be subject to armed groups that exist outside of the state.
  • YesterdayGeagea: There will be no compromise in dealing with the spread of arms.
  • YesterdayGeagea called for adopting a fair parliamentary electoral law once the presidential elections are over.
  • YesterdayGeagea stressed the importance of adhering to the Baabda Declaration and preventing the spread of regional conflicts to Lebanon.
  • YesterdayGeagea: There is no room for centrism, which has only yielded compromises to accommodate the status quo.
  • YesterdayGeagea: The current phase we are passing through does not tolerate semi-solutions.
  • YesterdayGeagea: The state has the proper means to regain its dignity.
  • YesterdayGeagea: The greatest challenge I want to face in running for president lies in implementing the constitution and restoring the state’s authority.
  • YesterdayGeagea: The Lebanese entity cannot support more burdens that weaken the state.
  • YesterdayGeagea: The period of Syrian hegemony weakened the position of the presidency.
  • YesterdayLF chief Samir Geagea while announcing his presidential program: The position of the presidency, despite all that has been said since the Taef Accord, is capable of wielding power and steering Lebanon in the right direction.

 

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لوک هاردینگ گزارشگر گاردین در کتاب معروف خود MAFIASTATE به نقل از منابع مرتبط با درون حاکمیت در روسیه، ثروت ولادیمیر پوتین را در سال ۲۰۰۷ بالغ بر ۴۰ میلیارد دلار برآورد میکند.  او در همین کتاب  تشکیلات  FSB را که جایگزین KGB شده است را با ۲۰۰۰۰۰ پرسنل، به این لحاظ که به هیچ ارگانی پاسخگو نیستمگر ولادیمیر پوتین، از KGB  ضد مردمی تر میداند زیرا که بنظر او  KGB  حد اقل زیر نظر کمیته مرکزی حزب کمونیست بود حال آنکه  FSB  فقط زیر فرمان پوتین و حلقه نزدیک اطراف اوست. او در این کتاب روسیه را بعد از آمریکا کشور میلیاردر ها میداند. [ من این توضیخ را اضافه میکنم که آمریکا ۴۰۰ سال سابقه سرمایه داری دارد و روسیه ۲۵ سال  آنهم از نوع روسی اش یعنی کلیپتوکراسی یا دزد سالاری).  به نقل از لوک هاردینگ افراد FSB حتی برای جرائم شخصی خود و در حد قتل مصنونیت نا نوشته قانونی دارند.

Donetsk priest blesses occupiers

An Orthodox priest blesses pro-Russian activists occupying the Donetsk regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine. Photograph: Scott Olson/Getty Images
 یک کشیش ارتودوکس طرفدار روسیه در حال دعا خیر (پیروزی) برای فعالین طرفدار روسیه ایی که ساختمانهای دولتی دونتسک را اشغال کرده اند. (منبع گاردین)

Lenin , demo

تظاهر کنندگان جدایی طلب در شرق و جنوب اوکرائین. آشتی ناسیونالیسم، کمونیسم و کنسرواتیسم مذهبی ارتودوکسی.  اگر مارکس زنده بود بجای ( ۱۸ برومبر لویی بناپارت) باید ۱۸ آوریل ولادیمیر پوتین را مینوشت. چون لویی بناپارت نه تا حد پوتین با لومپن پرولتاری سرزمین خود حشر و نشر داشت و نه تا این اندازه میتوانست هنرمند باشد که  بین کمونیسم روسی و  با ناسیونال شوینیسم روسی و کلیسای قدرت طلب محافظه کار ارتدکس روس؛ لومپن پرولتاریا و الیگارشی قدرتمند روسیه مانور بدهد و  در آن واحد همه آنها را هم داشته باشد .

A Ukrainian Orthodox priest conducts a holy liturgy during an Orthodox Easter service in Donetsk, 20 April

 

صدای مردم

بیانه فدراسیون جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری (WFTU) در باره رویداهای اوکرائین

۲۱ اسفند ۱۳۹۲ بین‌المللی

منبع “پراودا”/برگردان از: اردشیر قلندری: جنبش جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری همبستگی خود با زحمتکشان اوکرائین را اعلان میدارد. این سازمان از پیکار زحمتکشان اوکرائین علیه وحشی گری سرمایه داری و خطر رقابتهای میان آمریکا- اتحادیه اروپا و روسیه حمایت مینماید.

فدراسیون جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری به کارگران سرتاسر جهان اطلاع میدهد که، رویدای های اخیر اوکرائین “پیروزی دموکراسی” که ناتو، اتحادیه اروپا، آمریکا و متحدین آن ریاکارانه برآن صحه میگذارند، نمیباشد.

رویداهای اخیر در اکرائین، در وهله نخست برای طبقه کارگر و ساکنان منطقه و همه جهان خطرآفرین میباشد.

اوکرائین کشوری ثروتمند، با ذخایر بالای تولیدی است. از این کشور خطوط مهم لوله حمل سوخت و انرژی میگذرد، که اهمیت ویژه آنرا بر روی نقشه ژئواستراتژیک نشان میدهد.

دولت جدید اوکرائین، که از نیروهای سیاسی  ارتجاعی و ضد کارگری تشکیل میگردد، با حمایت امپریالیسم آمریکا و متحدین بقدرت رسیده است. این دولت جدید مترسک امپریالیستها است، که در راستای اجرای اهداف مشخص برنامه های ژئوپلیتیک و ژئواستراتژیک تشکیل گشته است.

همزمان با این، رویداهای اوکرائین توسط سازمانهای نازیست و نئونازیست که، ابزار سیستم سرمایه داری و دشمنان طبقه کارگر و دیگر اقشار مردم هستند، حمایت میشود. جنبش جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری همبستگی خود با زحمتکشان اوکرائین را اعلان میدارد. این سازمان از پیکار زحمتکشان اوکرائین علیه وحشی گری سرمایه داری و خطر رقابتهای میان آمریکا- اتحادیه اروپا و روسیه حمایت مینماید.

منبع “پراودا” http://www.gazeta-pravda.ru/index.php/item/531

برگردان از: اردشیر قلندری

 

این عکس در ژولای ۲۰۰۹ گرفته شده است. ولادیمیر پوتین(در آنموقع نخست وزیر) سمت چپ ، و الکساندر زالدوستانوف سمت راست.  پوتین به رهبر گرگهای شب ( Nochniye Volki ، )  که یک کلوپ موتور سیکلتی است گوش میدهد. این ملاقات با زالدوستانوف در جریان بازدید پوتین از کلوپ” گرگهای شب” انجام گرفت.

 

UKRAINE-POLITICS-UNREST-RUSSIA-BIKERS

رهبر  کلوپ موتور سیکلتی  گرگهای شب با ولادیمیر پوتین.  او و اعضای کلوپش از آوانگاردهای اشغال کریمه بودند. او در یک مصاحبه گفت که تازه این اول کار است و هدف ما کییف است

 

 

 

بیانه فدراسیون جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری در باره رویداهای اوکراین

 

اخبار روز: www.akhbar-rooz.com 
چهارشنبه  ۲۱ اسفند ۱٣۹۲ –  ۱۲ مارس ۲۰۱۴

* بیانه فدراسیون جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری (WFTU) در باره رویداهای اگرائین.

فدراسیون جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری به کارگران سرتا سر جهان اطلاع میدهد که، رویدای های اخیر اوکراین “پیروزی دموکراسی” که ناتو، اتحادیه اروپا، آمریکا و متحدین آن ریاکارانه برآن صحه میگذارند، نمیباشد.
رویداهای اخیر در اکرائین، در وهله نخست برای طبقه کارگر و ساکنان منطقه و همه جهان خطرآفرین میباشد.
اکرائین کشوری ثروتمند، با ذخایر بالای تولیدی است. از این کشور خطوط مهم لوله حمل سوخت و انرژی میگذرد، که اهمیت ویژه آنرا بر روی نقشه ژئواستراتژیک نشان میدهد.
دولت جدید اوکراین، که از نیروهای سیاسی ارتجاعی و ضدکارگری تشکیل میگردد، با حمایت امپریالیسم آمریکا و متحدین بقدرت رسیده است. این دولت جدید مترسک امپریالیستها است، که در راستای اجرای اهداف مشخص برنامه های ژئوپلیتیک و ژئواستراتژیک تشکیل گشته است.
همزمان با این، رویداهای اوکراین توسط سازمانهای نازیست و نئونازیست که، ابزار سیستم سرمایه داری و دشمنان طبقه کارگر و دیگر اقشار مردم هستند، حمایت میشود. جنبش جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری همبستگی خود با زحمتکشان او کراین را اعلان میدارد. این سازمان از پیکار زحمتکشان اوکراین علیه وحشی گری سرمایه داری و خطر رقابتهای میان آمریکا- اتحادیه اروپا و روسیه حمایت مینماید.

منبع “پراودا”
www.gazeta-pravda.ru
برگردان از: اردشیر قلندری

 

توجه!

با خواندن اطلاعیه فوق در سایت بالاترین که بیشترین امتیاز را هم در این شبکه (۵۷) گرفته بود به لینک سایت مراجعه و کامنتی را در سایت اخبار روز گذاردم که تا این لحظه یعنی پس از ۳ روز درج نشده است و فکر هم نمیکنم هرگز درج شود.

از اظهار نظر شما در مورد مطالب سایت «اخبار روز» سپاسگزاریم.
نظر شما پس از بررسی دبیران در سایت منتشر می‌شود.
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اگر یکی از مطالبی که در این صفحه درج شده به نظر شما نوعی سوءاستفاده (تبلیغاتی یا هر نوع دیگر) از سیستم نظردهی سایت می‌باشد یا آن را توهینی آشکار به یک فرد، گروه، سازمان یا … می‌دانید لطفا این مسئله را از طریق ایمیل abuse@akhbar-rooz.com و با ذکر شماره‌ای که در زیر مطلب (قبل از تاریخ انتشار) درج شده به ما اطلاع دهید. از همکاری شما متشکریم.
     از : علی کبیریعنوان : بالأخره معنی فدراسیون جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری را هم متوجه شدیم!
همانطور که جناب قلندری در پایان به منبع بیانیه اشاره کرده، این بیانیه از سوی روزینامه ی پراودا ارگان رسمی کاخ کرملین، منتشر شده است. در نهایت متوجه شدیم که مرکز فدراسیون جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری هنوز هم در روسیه ی متجاوز است که در روز روشن و درمقابل دیدگان جهانیان دارد با اِعمال سیاستهای استعماری قرن نوزدهم امپراتوری تزاری، به کشور گشائی دست میزند. بنازم این وفاداریِ مدافعان ایرانی همیشه در صحنه ی کاخ کرملین را. هذا وکذا!
۶۱۴٨۶ – تاریخ انتشار : ۲۱ اسفند ۱٣۹۲http://www.akhbar-rooz.com/ideas.jsp?essayId=58855

لوک هاردینگ گزارشگر گاردین در کتاب معروف خود MAFIASTATE به نقل از منابع مرتبط با درون حاکمیت در روسیه، ثروت ولادیمیر پوتین را در سال ۲۰۰۷ را بالغ بر ۴۰ میلیارد دلار برآورد میکند.  او در همین کتاب  تشکیلات  FSB که جایگزین KGB شده است را با ۲۰۰۰۰۰ پرسنل، به این لحاظ که به هیچ ارگانی جز ولادیمیر پوتین پاسخگو نیست، از KGB  ضد مردمی تر میداند زیرا که بنظر او  KGB  حد اقل زیر نظر کمیته مرکزی حزب کمونیست بود حال آنکه  FSB  فقط زیر فرمان پوتین و حلقه نزدیک اطراف اوست. او در این کتاب روسیه را بعد از آمریکا کشور میلیاردرها میداند. [ من این توضیخ را اضافه میکنم که آمریکا ۴۰۰ سال سابقه سرمایه داری دارد و روسیه ۲۵ سال آنهم از نوع روسی اش یعنی کلیپتوکراسی یا دزد سالاری). به نقل از لوک هاردینگ افراد FSB حتی برای جرائم شخصی خود و حتی در حد قتل مصنونیت نا نوشته قانونی دارند.

من این معما را نمیتوانم حل کنم که: اگر در دوران سلطه کمونیسم در شوروی (غلط یا درست کاری ندارم) دفاع از آن سیستم یک توجیه ایدئولوژیکی (باز هم با درست و غلط آن کار ندارم) داشت، امروز این حکومت مافیایی شده که بزرگترین و مهمترین پشتیبان سیاست های سرکوبگرانه رژیم حاکم بر میهن ما در داخل و پشتیبان تمام رژیمهای فاسد و استبدادی دیگر در دنیاست چه توجیهی دارد که سایت های مدعی چپگرایی ما که از چپ بودن فقط هیستری آمریکا ستیزی اشان باقی مانده است از این نظام دزد سالار حمایت میکنند.

داگنزنرینگ لیو نروژ

۲۲ آوریل

اسقف اعظم کیریل در مسکو دعا کرد که خداوند در برابر آنها که میخواهند سرزمین مقدس روسیه را نابود کنند مانع ایجاد کند. او گفت  ما یک اُمتی در خدمت خدا هستیم و افزود:” اگر اوکرائین از نظر سیاسی از ما جداست ولی از لحاظ” معنوی و تاریخی با روسیه ” یک سرزمین است.

 

 

In Cold War Echo, Obama Strategy Writes Off Putin

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Still, the relationship cannot return to normal either, even if the Ukraine situation is settled soon, specialists said. “There’s really been a sea change not only here but in much of Europe about Russia,” said Robert Nurick, a Russia expert at the Atlantic Council. “A lot of the old assumptions about what we were doing and where we were going and what was possible are gone, and will stay that way as long as Putin’s there.”

By 

WASHINGTON — Even as the crisis in Ukraine continues to defy easy resolution, President Obama and his national security team are looking beyond the immediate conflict to forge a new long-term approach to Russiathat applies an updated version of the Cold War strategy of containment.

Just as the United States resolved in the aftermath of World War II to counter the Soviet Union and its global ambitions, Mr. Obama is focused on isolating President Vladimir V. Putin’s Russia by cutting off its economic and political ties to the outside world, limiting its expansionist ambitions in its own neighborhood and effectively making it a pariah state.

Mr. Obama has concluded that even if there is a resolution to the current standoff over Crimea and eastern Ukraine, he will never have a constructive relationship with Mr. Putin, aides said. As a result, Mr. Obama will spend his final two and a half years in office trying to minimize the disruption Mr. Putin can cause, preserve whatever marginal cooperation can be saved and otherwise ignore the master of the Kremlin in favor of other foreign policy areas where progress remains possible.

Photo

Russian President Vladimir Putin met with Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on Saturday.CreditAlexei Druzhinin/RIA Novosti Kremlin, via Associated Press

“That is the strategy we ought to be pursuing,” said Ivo H. Daalder, formerly Mr. Obama’s ambassador to NATO and now president of the Chicago Council on Global Affairs. “If you just stand there, be confident and raise the cost gradually and increasingly to Russia, that doesn’t solve your Crimea problem and it probably doesn’t solve your eastern Ukraine problem. But it may solve your Russia problem.”

The manifestation of this thinking can be seen in Mr. Obama’s pending choice for the next ambassador to Moscow. While not officially final, the White House is preparing to nominate John F. Tefft, a career diplomat who previously served as ambassador to Ukraine, Georgia and Lithuania.

When the search began months ago, administration officials were leery of sending Mr. Tefft because of concern that his experience in former Soviet republics that have flouted Moscow’s influence would irritate Russia. Now, officials said, there is no reluctance to offend the Kremlin.

In effect, Mr. Obama is retrofitting for a new age the approach to Moscow that was first set out by the diplomat George F. Kennan in 1947 and that dominated American strategy through the fall of the Soviet Union. The administration’s priority is to hold together an international consensus against Russia, including even China, its longtime supporter on the United Nations Security Council.

While Mr. Obama’s long-term approach takes shape, though, a quiet debate has roiled his administration over how far to go in the short term. So far, economic advisers and White House aides urging a measured approach have won out, prevailing upon a cautious president to take one incremental step at a time out of fear of getting too far ahead of skittish Europeans and risking damage to still-fragile economies on both sides of the Atlantic.

The White House has prepared another list of Russian figures and institutions to sanction in the next few days if Moscow does not follow through on an agreement sealed in Geneva on Thursday to defuse the crisis, as Obama aides anticipate. But the president will not extend the punitive measures to whole sectors of the Russian economy, as some administration officials prefer, absent a dramatic escalation.

The more hawkish faction in the State and Defense Departments has grown increasingly frustrated, privately worrying that Mr. Obama has come across as weak and unintentionally sent the message that he has written off Crimea after Russia’s annexation. They have pressed for faster and more expansive sanctions, only to wait while memos sit in the White House without action. Mr. Obama has not even imposed sanctions on a list of Russian human rights violators waiting for approval since last winter.

“They’re playing us,” Senator Bob Corker of Tennessee, the ranking Republican on the Foreign Relations Committee, said of the Russians, expressing a sentiment that is also shared by some inside the Obama administration. “We continue to watch what they’re doing and try to respond to that,” he said on CNN on Friday. “But it seems that in doing so, we create a policy that’s always a day late and a dollar short.”

The prevailing view in the West Wing, though, is that while Mr. Putin seems for now to be enjoying the glow of success, he will eventually discover how much economic harm he has brought on his country. Mr. Obama’s aides noted the fall of the Russian stock market and the ruble, capital flight from the country and the increasing reluctance of foreign investors to expand dealings in Russia.

They argued that while American and European sanctions have not yet targeted wide parts of the Russian economy, they have sent a message to international businesses, and that just the threat of broader measures has produced a chilling effect. If the Russian economy suffers over the long term, senior American officials said, then Mr. Putin’s implicit compact with the Russian public promising growth for political control could be sundered.

That may not happen quickly, however, and in the meantime, Mr. Obama seems intent on not letting Russia dominate his presidency. While Mr. Obama spends a lot of time on the Ukraine crisis, it does not seem to absorb him. Speaking privately with visitors, he is more likely to bring up topics like health care and the Republicans in Congress than Mr. Putin. Ukraine, he tells people, is not a major concern for most Americans, who are focused on the economy and other issues closer to home.

Since returning from a trip to Europe last month, Mr. Obama has concentrated his public schedule around issues like job training and the minimum wage. Even after his diplomatic team reached the Geneva agreement to de-escalate the crisis last week, Mr. Obama headed to the White House briefing room not to talk about that but to hail new enrollment numbers he said validated his health care program.

Reporters asked about Ukraine anyway, as he knew they would, and he expressed skepticism about the prospects of the Geneva accord that his secretary of state, John Kerry, had just brokered. But when a reporter turned the subject back to health care, Mr. Obama happily exclaimed, “Yeah, let’s talk about that.”

That represents a remarkable turnaround from the start of Mr. Obama’s presidency, when he nursed dreams of forging a new partnership with Russia. Now the question is how much of the relationship can be saved. Mr. Obama helped Russia gain admission to the World Trade Organization; now he is working to limit its access to external financial markets.

But the two sides have not completely cut off ties. American troops and equipment are still traveling through Russian territory en route to and from Afghanistan. Astronauts from the two countries are currently in orbit together at the International Space Station, supplied by Russian rockets. A joint program decommissioning old Russian weapons systems has not been curtailed.

Nuclear inspections under the New Start arms control treaty Mr. Obama signed in his first term continue. The Air Force still relies on rockets with Russian-made engines to launch military satellites into space, although it is reviewing that. The United States has not moved to try to push Russia out of the W.T.O. And the Obama administration is still working with Russia on disarming Syria’s chemical weapons and negotiating a deal with Iran to curtail its nuclear program.

“You can’t isolate everything from a general worsening of the relationship and the rhetoric,” said Graham Allison, director of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University and an adviser to multiple administrations on Russia and defense policy. “But there’s still very high priority business that we have to try to do with Russia.”

Still, the relationship cannot return to normal either, even if the Ukraine situation is settled soon, specialists said. “There’s really been a sea change not only here but in much of Europe about Russia,” said Robert Nurick, a Russia expert at the Atlantic Council. “A lot of the old assumptions about what we were doing and where we were going and what was possible are gone, and will stay that way as long as Putin’s there.”

Mr. Nurick said discussion had already begun inside the administration about where and under what conditions the United States might engage with Russia in the future. “But I can’t imagine this administration expending a lot of political capital on this relationship except to manage it so that the other things they care about a lot more than Russia are not injured too badly,” he said.

..

How Ukraine crisis could pull U.S. to war

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As we have seen in the past two weeks in eastern Ukraine, Russian speakers— acting either spontaneously, or at the behest of Russian security services, or both — have taken control of government buildings in 10 cities in Ukraine’s eastern provinces of Donetsk, Luhansk and Kharkiv. Ukrainian military, security and police forces are so impotent, demoralized and compromised by Russian infiltration that their response has so far been pathetic

By Graham Allison
April 18, 2014 — Updated 1752 GMT (0152 HKT)
Watch this video

Military thwarted by pro-Russian groups

STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • Graham Allison: Geneva deal on de-escalation in Ukraine a ray of hope
  • He says unless terms are implemented and conflict reversed, civil war still a threat
  • He says West does have an interest in stalling Russia-coaxed incursions
  • Allison: If Latvia, part of NATO, were next, U.S. could be compelled to enter conflict

Editor’s note: Graham Allison is the Douglas Dillon Professor of Government at the Harvard Kennedy School and director of Harvard’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. He served as assistant secretary of Defense in the Clinton administration and as an adviser to the secretary of Defense during the Reagan administration. The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of the author.

(CNN) — Despite the ray of good news in Thursday’s Geneva agreement on steps to de-escalate the crisis in Ukraine, President Obama was right to sound a note of caution, observing that “I don’t think we can be sure of anything at this point.”

The deal, reached by Russia, Ukraine and the West, called for, among other things, disarming illegally armed pro-Russian demonstrators in eastern Ukraine, and the surrender of the government buildings they have seized.

These are good and essential first steps, but unless they can now be implemented as a basis on which the parties can move to further, bolder steps to reverse underlying trends, Ukraine could still slide into civil war. If this happened, how would it affect American national interests? Could Ukraine become a 21st century echo of the Balkans in the 1990s, when the collapse of Yugoslavia saw a decade of war between Serbs, Croatians, Bosnians and Kosovars? (No one should forget that just a century ago Ukraine was sucked into a tragic, bloody civil war shortly after gaining independence in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution.)

Graham Allison

Graham Allison

There is a saying that history never repeats itself, but it does sometimes rhyme. Fortunately, full-blown civil war in Ukraine still seems unlikely — mainly because one side, the Ukrainian government, appears both unable and unwilling to fight. Nonetheless, it’s not hard to sketch a scenario in which war is the outcome — and from that to envision a further scenario in which the U.S. finds itself drawn into a direct confrontation. (More on that in a moment.)

As we have seen in the past two weeks in eastern Ukraine, Russian speakers— acting either spontaneously, or at the behest of Russian security services, or both — have taken control of government buildings in 10 cities in Ukraine’s eastern provinces of Donetsk, Luhansk and Kharkiv. Ukrainian military, security and police forces are so impotent, demoralized and compromised by Russian infiltration that their response has so far been pathetic.

This week, the New York Times reported on the Ukrainian government’s “glaring humiliation,” when a military operation to confront pro-Russian militants instead saw Ukraine’s 21 armored vehicles separating into two columns, surrendering or retreating. In several instances, when confronted by pro-Russian crowds, soldiers and policemen have even switched sides.

If Thursday’s deal unravels and Ukrainian authorities remain unable to restore basic law and order, the pro-Russian demonstrators occupying buildings will be emboldened to expand their reach. Further steps may include the demonstrators setting up an independent “republic” in the three Eastern regions and seeking to drive out forces loyal to Ukraine’s interim government, provoking the Kiev government to respond with greater force, and then calling in Russian troops to defend them against what they will claim to be “fascists” from western Ukraine.

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Responding to a crackdown, Russian security forces would likely provide arms and other assistance to the Russian speakers, claiming that such a call for assistance from “compatriots” is impossible to ignore. As conflict intensifies, western Ukrainians, perhaps even Poles or other Europeans, could come to the aid of Ukraine. In this spiral, one thing could lead to the next, ending in significant bloodshed in eastern Ukraine, and perhaps even spreading beyond.

Widespread violence or civil war would certainly be a calamity for Ukrainians. But would its consequences for American national interests require an American military response? Fortunately for Americans, the answer is no. In 2008, when Russia crushed Georgia in a short war that ended in Russia’s recognition of independence for the former Georgian territories of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, that was President George W Bush’s answer.

As the ongoing civil war in Syria has claimed more than 150,000 lives, neither President Obama nor his most ardent critics, like Arizona Sen. John McCain, have judged this such an extreme threat to U.S. interests that Americans must kill and to die to stop it.

That the U.S. does not have vital national interests in Ukraine will not mean that the U.S. has no national interest in holding Moscow accountable for violating territorial integrity assurances that Russia and the U.S. gave to Ukraine in 1994 in persuading it to give up nuclear weapons. Indeed, if left to take its course, this crisis has the potential to fuel further developments that engage core American national interests.

For example, if Crimea becomes Putin’s precedent for creeping annexation in which Russia-instigated Russian speakers occupy government buildings, liberate a territory and establish a relationship with Russia, where will this stop? Could the 25% of the population in Latvia who are Russian speakers be tempted (or coaxed) to follow suit? (Both Latvians and Russians vividly recall that in 1940 Stalin annexed Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia, nations that regained their independence only in 1991 when the Soviet Union collapsed.)

Russian military intervention in Latvia, even under the guise of special forces in green garb without insignia, would almost certainly be engaged by Latvian military and police. If Russian security forces came to the assistance of their brethren in Latvia, as they would be likely to do, this would mean a direct confrontation between Russia and the U.S.-led NATO.

Many Americans are not aware that Latvia and its Baltic neighbors are members of the NATO alliance, of which the United States is the leader. How many Americans know that members of that alliance, including the United States, commit themselves in Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty to regard an attack against one NATO signatory as “an attack against them all”? Pursuant to that commitment, successive American presidents have approved war plans in which Americans would fight to defend the territory of all members of the alliance.

Preventing Ukraine’s collapse into civil war must therefore be a high priority for the leaders of both the United States and Russia. The Geneva agreement on “initial concrete steps to de-escalate tensions and restore security,” which U.S. and Russian diplomats signed, along with their EU and Ukrainian counterparts, represents the first real step in the international community’s collective effort to reverse Ukraine’s slide into chaos.

Leaders in both Washington and Moscow will have to follow up with further, bolder steps to prevent Ukraine’s spiraling into a civil war that could draw them into a direct confrontation. These additional steps will require all parties to accept arrangements that would be unacceptable — except for the fact that all feasible alternatives are even worse.
…………

Ukraine: the world according to Putin

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Why had ‘new Russia’ been transferred to Ukraine, he rhetorically asked this week, answering that only ‘God knows

President Vladimir Putin does not like Bolsheviks. Stalin was among those who divided up the Russian lands in stupid ways in the 1920s, Khrushchev inexplicably incorporated Crimea into Ukraine in the 1950s, and Gorbachev took the decisions which led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, an event which Mr Putin has famously characterised as the“major geopolitical disaster” of the 20th century.

“For the Russian nation, it became a genuine drama,” he said in 2005. “Tens of millions of our co-citizens and co-patriots found themselves outside Russian territory.” He developed these themes further in his question-and-answer session this week. Even as envoys of Russia, America, Europe and Ukraine were meeting on Thursday in Geneva to find common ground on the Ukrainian crisis, he was using the antique term “new Russia” to refer to eastern Ukraine and bemoaning the changes the Communists had made. Why had these lands been transferred to Ukraine, he asked rhetorically, answering that only “God knows”.

It is possible to sympathise with the Russian president’s view that the combination of Soviet nationalities policy and the demise of the Soviet Union left ethnic and national boundaries in a mess, the kind of mess that was ruthlessly tidied up further west in the aftermath of the second world war. The costs of that tidying up – the boundaries redrawn, the populations often brutally transferred – were high. Indeed, much of European history suggests that the attempt to get languages, ethnicities, and political frontiers to coincide is doomed to end in frustration, tragedy, or both. Ukrainians, for example, cut up and parcelled out among different empires and who have been subject to Russian, Polish and Austrian masters, know this better than most peoples.

But Mr Putin does not seem to have read that history. Pronouncing on world affairs in his usual assured, occasionally witty, and apparently reasonable way last week during his annual televised question-and-answer session with the Russian public, he said that it was “rubbish” to say there were Russian troops or agents in eastern Ukraine. That government was committing a “grave crime” in using force against the demonstrators.

But, on the other hand, recalling that the Russian parliament had granted him the “right” to use military force in Ukraine, he said: “I really hope that I do not have to exercise this right and that we are able to solve all today’s pressing issues via political and diplomatic means.” Falsity is piled upon falsity in this accounting. While the depth of feeling against Kiev in the eastern region may well be deeper than some had believed, the rolling seizures of government buildings in many small towns compellingly suggests the Russians were involved. Then, how is it a crime for a government, including an interim one, to attempt to reverse such seizures? Finally, how can the Russian parliament grant its government the right to interfere with force in another sovereign state to protect people who, whatever language they speak, are Ukrainian, not Russian, citizens?

Mr Putin, an intelligent man, must know all this. Yet it is clear that at some level he feels strongly that he is right, and in the right. He seems in any case to hesitate between the idea that Russia has a special right to protect Russian speakers in Ukraine and the idea that Russia has a right to supervise the affairs of the whole of Ukraine because historically it was all part of Russia. It is not surprising, given the messages which emerged from Mr Putin’s question-and-answer session, that President Barack Obama immediately expressed doubts about Russia’s sincerity in the Geneva talks. Mr Putin will not easily give up his ideas or his ambitions. Nor will Europe and the US abandon theirs. Ukraine will remain in contention. But the Geneva agreement, if even partially observed, should at least slow the rush toward confrontation.

The wide awake club: fighting insomnia

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Insomnia can damage your health

When you are sleep-deprived, you struggle to think straight. Photograph: Tony Stone

Increased workloads and 24-hour access to the internet have created a world that rarely sleeps. The statistics are staggering. One 2011 survey by the Mental Health Foundation found that more than 30% of Britons suffer from insomnia or another serious sleep problem. You might think that not getting a good night’s sleep simply leaves you a bit grumpy; in reality, the effects can be far more damaging.

When you are sleep-deprived, you struggle to think straight. Research by University College London Medical School revealed that people who fail to get a full night’s sleep score significantly lower on tests of logic and vocabulary. Those who are sleep-deprived (which has been pegged at less than six hours a night) have slower reaction times, and experience blackouts known as “micro-sleeps”. At the wheel of a car, this can be dangerous: in the US, fatigue is believed to cause more than 1,500 deaths on the roads every yearSleep deprivation can also affect your general health, by reducing levels of the hormone melatonin.

The good news is that researchers show a fair consensus about the best methods to combat sleeplessness. Here are eight of their top tips.

Avoid blue light

smartphone at nightIf you must use your smartphone, tablet or computer late in the evening, turn down the brightness. Photograph: Aaron Tilley for the GuardianAlthough any type of light stops you feeling sleepy, light towards the blue end of the spectrum is especially potent. Computer screens, tablets, smartphones, flat-screen televisions and LED lighting all emit blue light. If you must use your smartphone, tablet or computer late in the evening, turn down the brightness and ensure the device is at least 30cm from your eyes. If you want to use a night light, choose one with a dim red bulb, because red light tends not to suppress the production of melatonin.

Eat smart

glass at nightDon’t be tempted by a nightcap. Photograph: Aaron Tilley for the GuardianDon’t be tempted by a nightcap. Although even a small amount of alcohol puts you to sleep more quickly, it also gives you a more disturbed night, makes you more likely to snore and disrupts dreaming. Instead, increase your chances of getting a good night’s sleep by eating a small portion of food rich in carbohydrates, such as a slice of toast or a banana.

Breathe lavender

In 2008, psychologist Chris Alford, from the University of the West of England in Bristol, sprinkled either lavender or odourless almond oil on the bedclothes of female insomniacs, and discovered that the lavender helped improve the quality of their sleep. Try a lavender diffuser or oil to ensure that your room smells of sleep.

Jump around

To maximise your chances of nodding off, you need to do at least two-and-a-half hours of moderate aerobic activity (fast walking, for example), or at least an hour-and-a-quarter of more vigorous exercise (such as running), each week. Research also shows that working out around six hours before your bedtime allows your body to calm down enough to be ready for rest. If you don’t enjoy pounding the pavement, recent research suggests yoga and tai chi will help you get a good night’s sleep.

Stay awake

bed at nightPeople who fail to get a full night’s sleep score significantly lower on tests of logic and vocabulary. Photograph: Aaron Tilley for the GuardianMedical researcher Niall Broomfield from the University of Glasgow investigated whether reverse psychology could be used to help people sleep. He assembled two groups of volunteers and monitored their sleep for two weeks. One group was asked to spend each night trying to stay awake for as long as possible, while the other group didn’t receive any special instructions. Those trying to stay awake felt less anxious at bedtime and reported falling asleep quicker. This may be due to a lifting of anxiety about getting off to sleep. If you try this, remember that you have to rely on the power of your mind. You may keep your eyes open, but no reading, watching television or moving about allowed.

Keep warm

Ensure your bedroom is not too hot or too cold: most sleep scientists recommend just over 18C (65F). With a normal amount of bedclothes, your body remains thermally neutral at this temperature, so you don’t have to create heat by shivering or cool down by sweating. But beware of cold feet. If you have bad circulation, your chilly extremities will keep you awake. If this is the case, wear a pair of socks to bed.

Tire your brain

Work by Stephen Haynes from Southern Illinois University suggests thatmaking your brain tired will help you nod off. Haynes asked both insomniacs and good sleepers to carry out moderately difficult mental arithmetic tasks as they tried to fall asleep.

Those without any sleep-related problems took longer than usual to nod off, while the insomniacs did indeed get to sleep quicker. If you are not good with numbers, try a word game: think of a category (eg “countries” or “fruit and vegetables”) and come up with an example of that category for each letter of the alphabet.

Get up

alarm clock at nightIf you wake for more than about 20 minutes during the night, most sleep scientists recommend getting out of bed. Photograph: Aaron Tilley for the GuardianIf you have suddenly woken up because you have remembered something that you need to do the next day, simply make a note of it and try to go back to sleep. However, if you wake for more than about 20 minutes during the night, most sleep scientists recommend getting out of bed and doing some form of non-stimulating activity. Whatever you decide to do, avoid bright lights and computer screens.

• Richard Wiseman is the author of Night School (Macmillan).

And here are some products, gadgets, techniques that could help

Products: Bodyism Serenity This night-time milkshake is designed to send you straight off to sleep. About an hour before bed, whisk one scoop of this powdered blend of camomile, hops, oats, liquorice root and rosemary into a glass of milk and drink. The ingredients reduce the body’s anxiety levels and increase your sense of calm. £۵۰ for 30 days’ supply, from uk.spacenk.com and bodyism.com

Aromatherapy Associates Deep Relax bath and shower oilFragranced with vetivert, chamomile and sandalwood, this oil is often described as being “better than sleeping pills”. Simply add to your bath or apply to the skin in the shower. Or add a few drops to a hanky and place inside your pillowcase. £۴۰, from aromatherapyassociates.com

Valerian No one wants to become dependent on pills, but valerian is a herbal sedative that has been shown to help you get to sleep faster and enjoy a better quality of sleep. Avoid alcohol when taking valerian, and don’t use it long-term. Ask your GP if you have any questions. Vitabiotics valerian root extract, £۹٫۹۵ for 400mg (30 tablets), boots.com

Gadgets: Hypnosleep A downloadable podcast to play when you’re in bed and ready to sleep, Hypnosleep is the brainchild of hypnotherapist Tim Smale, who helped Alastair Campbell get into the right frame of mind to train for his long charity runs. £۹٫۹۹, from mymindworks.co.uk

Sound Asleep pillow If you want to listen to your headphones but find them uncomfortable when you get your head down, this pillow contains a speaker that won’t disturb anyone around you. Listen to a meditation track, an audiobook or white noise. £۱۳٫۹۹, from amazon.co.uk

FitBit Flex This wristband not only measures how much activity you’re doing over the day, but also tracks your sleep patterns at night by recording your movements and your pulse rate. It plugs into your computer’s USB port to enable you to see how much shut-eye you’re actually getting. The FitBit Flex also has a silent vibrate alarm, which means you can wake up without waking a dozing partner. From £۶۹٫۹۹,amazon.co.uk

Techniques: Combination therapy A mixture of acupuncture, massage and hypnotherapy designed to help lower the body’s levels of cortisol – a hormone produced when the body is under stress. £۱۰۰ for an hour-long treatment, twentytwotraining.com

Yoga There are at least 10 asanas (body positions) in yoga that tackle sleeplessness. Online tutorials show you everything from forward bends and gentle spinal twists to lying with your legs up the wall.

Meditation Many techniques for triumphing over sleeplessness revolve around quieting the mind and slowing the heart rate. Meditation is no different and asks us to bring our attention to our breath rather than obsessing about our lack of sleep.

• By Nicole Mowbray

خرافه پرستی و تفکر سنتی، سلاحی استراتژیک در دست فرصت طلبی

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افزوده:

کتاب دولت مافیایی، نوشته Luke Haring  مخبر گاردین در روسیه، (ص ۱۱): “.. با توجه به سابقه  KGB  ای پوتین، چندان تعجب آور نیست که او پس از بقدرت رسیدن، دستگاه دولتی را طبق سلیقه خود باز سازی کرد. جامعه شناسان برآورد میکنند،  که تعداد صاحب منصبان عالیرتبه با سابقه کاری در KGB   که به کرملین راه یافته اند، در سال ۲۰۰۳ ۲۵% در سال ۲۰۰۷ ـ ۴۲% و  کلاً تا امروز به ۷۷% رسیده اند. Sioiki  عنوان همه آنهایی است که سابقه کاری در KGB ، اطلاعات و ضد اطلاعات ارتش دارند و در مجموعه جدیدی با عنوان مخفف FSB  دولت را قبضه کرده اند. این سازمان جدید  با قریب ۲۰۰٫۰۰۰  نفر پرسنل خود هم از KGB  بزرگتر است و هم مدرنتر. تفاوت اصلی آن با KGB  در اینست که KGB، به کمیته مرکزی حزب کمونیست پاسخگو بود ولی FSB  کاملاً تحت نظر پوتین است و به هیچ ارگانی چه دولت و چه دوما پاسخ گو نیست. افراد این سازمان از لحاظ آزادی عمل حتی ارتکاب قتل در درگیری های شخصی بکسی پاسخگو نیستند.

 در ص ۳۰ همین کتاب،به نقل از گاردین ماه دسامبر ۲۰۰۷ ، ثروت پنهانی ولادیمیر پوتین ۴۰ میلیارد دلار برآورد میشود. در همین کتاب از دولت کنونی روسیه بعنوان جاسوسی ترین دولت دونیا نام برده میشود که مأموران آن از لحاظ آزادی عمل در کشتن و گرفتن و شکنجه  با استخبارات صدام حسین تشبیه میگردند. ( توضیح اینکه من بعداً در باره این کتاب بسیار خواندنی پس از تمام کردنش بیشتر خواهم نوشت.) 

دولت احمدی نژاد در آستانه تحریم نفتی ایران  از سوی غرب شعار میداد که اگر نفت ایران بروی دنیا بسته شود قیمت هر بشکه آن به بالای ۲۵۰ دلار میرسد و اقتصاد غرب و آمریکا فرو می پاشد. ولی  ولادیمیر پوتین قدری عاقل تر است و از این رجز خوانی ها نمیکند و برعکس مکرراً تکرار میکند  که روسیه بخاطر بحران اوکرائین از حربه نفت و گاز استفاده نخواهد کرد. ولی این او نیست که از حربه انرژی علیه غرب استفاده نخواهد کرد بلکه این غرب است که از این حربه علیه “روسیه نفتی” استفاده خواهد کرد. از همین حالا بحث جایگزین کردن نفت و گاز وارداتی از روسیه  بطور جدی در محافل اقتصادی و سیاسی غرب مطرح است و با ملاحظه اخبار و گزارشات روی این مسئله، تصور من اینست که در سالهای پیش روی،  روسیه برای فروش نفت و گاز خود با همان مشکلی روبرو  میشود که دولت ایران، امروز یا دیروز قبل از این دور جدید مذاکرات هسته ایی، با آن روبرو  هست و بود.

خوانده و یا شنیده ام که در زمان انقلاب مشروطه، برخی از مشروطه خواهان با گذاردن لبه یک دست روی دست دیگر بعنوان نشان دادن اندازه، به مردم میگفته اند : ها ! اگر مشروطه بشود کبابها هم به این بزرگی ولی از لحاظ قیمت ارزانتر میشوند. در انقلاب اسلامی خودمان رهبر انقلاب وعده مجانی شدن آب و برق و خانه و.. ، را بمردم میداد بدون اینکه شنوندگان فکر کنند این خانه های مجانی را کدام عمله بنای مجانی ای  خواهد ساخت. احمدی نژاد نیز قرار بود که نفت را بر روی سفره مردم بیاورد که دیدیم سفره ها ی مردم نفتی بخود ندید ولی از همان لقمه نان قبلی هم خالی شد.

در جریان بحران جنوب و شرق اوکرائین حد اقل در سه مورد و سه مصاحبه جداگانه با مردم شرق اوکرائین، خواندم که مصاحبه شونده  به مصاحبه گر میگفت: در روسیه مزدها و مستمری بازنشسگی دو برابر اینجاست و ما میخواهیم به روسیه بپیوندیم اگر جز روسیه بشوم ماهم از مزد و مزایایی مانند آنها برخوردار میشویم.

این احتمال که درآمد پولی  مردم در روسیه  ۲، ۴ و یا حتی ۱۰ برابر   اوکرائین  هم باشد بعید نیست ولی اینکه خرج و مخارج هم در روسیه به همین نسبت بالاتر باشد، بهمان اندازه محتمل است در غیر اینصورت،  قبل از این بحران که روابط  اوکرائین و روسیه حسنه بود، باید بخش عظمی از مردم اوکرائین برای کار به روسیه مهاجرت میکردند و پولدار میشئدند. ولی اساساً بحث این نیست که دو برابر بودن مستمری بازنشستگان و مزد کارگران در روسیه نسبت به اوکرائین چقدر واقعیت دارد بلکه نکته اینست که این تصور بنحوی ابزاری به یک اهرم بسیج سیاسی مردم  برای مقاصد سیاسی فرصت طلبانه  تبدیل گردیده و اهمیت هویت و حاکمیت ملی برای بخشی از مردم را به حاشیه رانده است.

البته رژیم  پوتین فقط از تبلیغات گمراه کننده روی  تفاوت وضعیت معیشتی  مردم در اوکرائین و روسیه استفاده نمیکند چون همه مردم  هم با این انگیزه تکان نمیخورند. رژیم برای آن بخش از جمعیت که در دلتنگی عصر امپراطوری کمونیستی و ابر قدرتی اتحاد شوروی بسر میبرند و احتمالاً  در آن دوران از امتیازبران آن نظام بوده اند، پرچم سرخ داس و چکش نشان دار را هم بالا میبرد و در کنار آن برای آن ناسیونالیستهای افراطی و عوام که  با قدری هیچان آفرینی آرتیست گونه افسون  نمایشهای عظمت طلبانه  وتوسعه طلبی رژیم  میشوند، بر طبل قدر قدرتی ضد اروپایی و ضد غربی مینوازد و بر طول و عرض پرچمهای برافراشته روسیه در مناطق جنوبی و شرقی اوکرائین می افزاید. پوتین میخواهد بیشترین بخش مردم روسی زیان اوکرائین و مردم خود روسیه را بهر وسیله  و تماماً ابزاری، همراه خود کند. و متآسفانه در این راه  تا حدودی هم موفق شده است.

برنامه Hard Talk  معروفِ BBC امروز ۱۸ آوریل مصاحبه ایی با یکی از معاون سابق کاخ سفید، استروب تالبوت  و رهبر اپوزیسیون در روسیه بنام بوریس نمسوف داشت.  (Strobe Talbott, and Russian opposition leader, Boris Nemtsov.* نمسوف از جمله به مجری برنامه گفت قبل از تصرف کریمه میزان حمایت از پوتین در روسیه به حدود ۴۰% کاهش یافته بود ولی با تصرف کریمه به نزدیک ۸۰%  افزایش یافت. او اضافه کرد؛ ولی این پیروزی یک پیروزی کم دوام و تاکتیکی است وپوتین با این حرکت از نظر استراتژیک، مقابله را هم اکنون باخته است چون تنگنهاها و کاستیهای اقتصادی پیش روی روسیه بزرگتر از ان هستند که با این سیاستهای پوپولیتسی راه حلی برایشان یافت شوند.

خبر گزاری رویتر امروز ۱۹ آوریل در گزارش ویزه خود با عنوان” چگونه آمریکا مسئله پوتین را برای خود وخیم تر کرد”، پوتین و سیاست های او را چنین توصیف میکند:

در همان حالیکه  روسیه دهها هزار نظامی را درپشت مرزهای اوکرائین با روسیه متمرکز کرده است تا آنچه را بزعم آنها توطئه آمریکا برای محاصره روسیه از طریق ایجاد حلقه ایی از کشورهای همسایه مخالف با روسیه است را خنثی کند؛ درحال ایجاد نوعی ناسیونالیسم افراطی محافظه کارانه با تکیه بر کاپیتالیسم دولتی در برابر الترناتیو دمکراسی غربی است.

منهم بسهم خود قبلاً راجع به موفقیت تاکتیکی و عدم موفقیت استراتژیک پوتین در این ماجرا نوشته ام ولی آنچه حائز اهمیت است اینست که بدانیم در دوران ما  رهبران و دولتمردان پوپولیست  از عقب ماندگی فرهنگی و سیاسی بخشهایی از جامعه برای خود نه تنها نیروی میدانی و تاکتیکی میسازند  و بر موج توهمات و عقده های آنان سوار میشوند، بلکه به نسبت توانشان در استفاده از عقب ماندگی مردم، میتوانند آنها را حتی به نیروی استراتژیک  برای خود تبدیل کنند.

تا آستانه فرو پاشی اتحاد شوروی و سیستم کمونیسم و رقابت دو قدرت جهانی؛ از موشکهای بالستیک و بمب های اتمی یا هیدرژنی، ناوهای هواپیما بر و زیر دریاییهای مجهز به سلاحهای اتمی و موشک های قاره پیما در ارزیابی موازنه استرتژیک دو سیستم جهانی شرق و غرب، بعنوان سلاحهای استراتژیک نام برد میشد که معنی آن این بود که این وسایل میتوانند در سرنوشت یک جنگ جهانی تعین کننده باشند. بحث، بحث برتری تکنولوژی نظامی بود. شرق و غرب میکوشیدند در این عرصه بر هم پیشی گیرند و این تلاش  طی چند دهه به موتور محرکه تکنولوژی نظامی تبدیل گردیده بود که  تا اندازه ایی هم دست آوردهای آن نصیب بخش اقتصاد غیر نظامی هم میگردید.

با انقلاب اسلامی در ایران و زدن برجهای دوقلوی وال استریت در نیو یورک، القاعده و سایر بنیادگرایان از دین و مذهب نیروی استراتژیکی ساختند که قدرت آن حد اقل در این دوره از تاریخ دنیا توانست اهمیتی شبه استراتژیک بیابد  و به بزرگترین مشغله امنیتی ملی و بین المللی برای غرب تبدیل گردد. در این دوره از تاریخ، قدرت بسیج و بکار گرفتن اعتقادات سنتی مذهبی مردم علیه غرب تا سطح اهمیت موشکهای بالستیک مجهز به کلاهک اتمی اهمیت یافت و اینک بیش از ۳ دهه است که جهان آزاد را بخود مشغول کرده  و سر کار گذارده است.

تبدیل خرافه پرستی، اعتقادات عامیانه مذهبی و سیاسی مردم به یک  اهرم استرتژیک این پیامد مخرب اجتماعی، تاریخی را دارد که آثار آن بسادگی برطرف شدنی نیست و به سخت جان شدن تعصبات مخرب مذهبی و سیاسی و تنشها و تقابلات فرهنگی، قومی و مذهبی می انجامد.

یک زراد خانه اتمی را در صورت  حصول صلح و صفا  بین دو بلوک نظامی میتوان ظرف چند ماه یا حد اکثر یکسال پیاده و نابود کرد ولی  آثار ناسیونالیسم  ارتجاعی و فرهنگی شده و اعتقادات خرافه آمیز سیاسی شده غرب ستیزانه  و برتری جویی فرهنگی قومیتی را به این آسانی نمیتوان برطرف کرد و  ساده ترین نمونه آن دائی جان ناپلئونیسم در تفکر نه تنها عوام بلکه خواص جامعه خود ماست که چنان رسوب زمختی یافته است  که  برای زدودن آن دهها سال هم کافی نیست.

دنیای غرب  چه برحق و چه ناحق در مسیر انقلاب تکنولژی پا گذشته و هر لحظه بر شتاب پیشرفت سر سام آور خود می افزاید و فاصله کشورهایی مانند روسیه و ایران با آن بیشتر و بیشتر و جبران نشدنی تر میشود.

رژیم پوتین کاملاً واقف است که در عرصه رقابت تکنولوژیک و اقتصادی کمترین شانسی برای رویا رویی با غرب و بویژه آمریکا بعنوان لوکوموتیو علمی و تکنیکی دنیا ندارد. این کشور  بعلت زمین گیر شدن در تصورات ” ابر قدرتی ” گذشته، حاضر نیست مانند سایر کشورهای بلوک شرق نیز به روند همگرایی جامعه اروپایی و غربی بپیونددو قدرت  شرکت در این ماراتون نفس گیر اقتصادی، علمی و فنی را هم ندارد بنا بر این کوشش میکند تا بخشهای عقب مانده جهان را، از آمریکای مرکزی گرفته تا خاورمیانه و آفریقا، به ذخیره استراتژیک خود در این تقابل جهانی  با غرب و لیبرال دموکراسی غربی تبدیل کرده و با مسئله سازی برای جهان غرب ، برای خود فرصت تنفسی و  گاهاً  شانس معامله  را بیابد.

به مثل یادداشت چند روز پیش خود برگشته میگویم که رژیم روسیه و پوتین که قادر به شرکت در این مسابقه جهانی نیست میخواهد بازی و قاعده آنرا بهم بزند و در این راه از هیچ  آشوب آفرینی  و جنایتی رویگردان نیست.

به گفته دو روز پیش تحلیلگر گاردین لوک هاردینگ برگشته میگویم: ” در این تقابل اسیمیتریک” برنده شدن در بحران اوکرائین برای ولادیمیر پوتین حیاتی و مماتی است ولی برای غرب ابداً چنین نیست. اگر غرب در این ماجرا شکست هم بخورد اتفاق مهمی نخواهد افتاد ولی اگر پوتین شکست بخورد نه تنها صندلی دائمی حکومتی خود در کرملین را از دست میدهد  بلکه این احتمال که سر خود را نیز در این میان بر باد دهد کم نیست.

موازنه استراتژیک در بحران اوکرائین بطور قاطع به زیان روسیه است. روسیه با همین اندازه رویارویی هم با دنیا چنان به حاشیه جامعه جهانی و مراودات تعامل آمیز آن و توسعه  دینامیکش رانده شده است که حتی اگر تمام اوکرائین را هم بگیرد جبران خسران امروز آنرا نخواهد کرد.

سیل فرار سرمایه از روسیه به این آسانی متوقف شدنی نیست و همراه آن سیر تنزل نرخ روبل که معنی آن تورم و گرانی و عدم توانایی روسها برای سیر و سیاحت در خارج از کشور از جمله اروپا و آمریکا است نیز قصد ایستادن ندارد.

دولت احمدی نژاد در آستانه تحریم نفتی ایران  از سوی غرب شعار میداد که اگر نفت ایران بروی دنیا بسته شود قیمت هر بشکه آن به بالای ۲۵۰ دلار میرسد و اقتصاد غرب و آمریکا فرو می پاشد. ولی  ولادیمیر پوتین قدری عاقل تر است و از این رجز خوانیها نمیکند و برعکس مکرراً تکرار میکند  که روسیه بخاطر بحران اوکرائین از حربه نفت و گاز استفاده نخواهد کرد. ولی این او نیست که از حربه انررژی علیه غرب استفاده نخواهد کرد بلکه این غرب است که از این حربه علیه “روسیه نفتی” استفاده خواهد کرد. از همین حالا بحث جایگزین کردن نفت و گاز  وارداتی از روسیه  به اروپا بطور جدی در محافل اقتصادی و سیاسی غرب مطرح است و با ملاحظه اخبار و گزارشات روی این مسئله، تصور من اینست که در سالهای پیش روی،  روسیه برای فروش نفت و گاز خود با همان مشکلی روبرو  میشود که دولت ایران امروز یا دیروز، قبل از این دور جدید مذاکرات هسته ایی،  با آن روبرو  هست و بود.

روسیه هیچ راهی جز کوتاه آمدن در برابر در این ماجرا غرب ندارد هرچند بظاهر نیروهای جدایی طلب شرق اوکرائین توافق دیروز ژنو را نپذیرفته اند و ساختمانهای دولتی را تخلیه نکرده و سلاحهای خود را هم تحویل نداده اند. اگر توافقنامه دیروز ژنو بین روسیه، آمریکا، اتحادیه اروپا و اوکرائین با روسیه اجرا نشود کنترل بحران دشوار خواهد شد.  لذا میتوان گفت که  دیگرهمه چیز به عقب نشینی روسیه بستگی دارد. غرب نمیتواند تمام موازین بین المللی را در برابر باج خواهی روسیه زیر پای بگذارد. عقب نشینی در برابر روسیه در اوکرائین هیچ تفاوتی با عقب نشینی در برابر القاعده در افغانستان، یمن  و.. ، ندارد. دنیا نمیتواند برای به آرامش رسیدن به تروریسم و باج خواهی تروریستی تسلیم گردیده تن در دهد.

 

*   http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/n3csw9dz#programme-broadcasts

**  http://iranesabz.se/?p=19794

 حتماً اینرا هم بخواهنید!

بیانه فدراسیون جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری در باره رویداهای اوکراین

اخبار روزwww.akhbar-rooz.com 
چهارشنبه  ۲۱ اسفند ۱٣۹۲ –  ۱۲ مارس ۲۰۱۴

* بیانه فدراسیون جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری (WFTU) در باره رویداهای اگرائین.

فدراسیون جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری به کارگران سرتا سر جهان اطلاع میدهد که، رویدای های اخیر اوکراین “پیروزی دموکراسی” که ناتو، اتحادیه اروپا، آمریکا و متحدین آن ریاکارانه برآن صحه میگذارند، نمیباشد.
رویداهای اخیر در اکرائین، در وهله نخست برای طبقه کارگر و ساکنان منطقه و همه جهان خطرآفرین میباشد.
اکرائین کشوری ثروتمند، با ذخایر بالای تولیدی است. از این کشور خطوط مهم لوله حمل سوخت و انرژی میگذرد، که اهمیت ویژه آنرا بر روی نقشه ژئواستراتژیک نشان میدهد.
دولت جدید اوکراین، که از نیروهای سیاسی ارتجاعی و ضدکارگری تشکیل میگردد، با حمایت امپریالیسم آمریکا و متحدین بقدرت رسیده است. این دولت جدید مترسک امپریالیستها است، که در راستای اجرای اهداف مشخص برنامه های ژئوپلیتیک و ژئواستراتژیک تشکیل گشته است.
همزمان با این، رویداهای اوکراین توسط سازمانهای نازیست و نئونازیست که، ابزار سیستم سرمایه داری و دشمنان طبقه کارگر و دیگر اقشار مردم هستند، حمایت میشود. جنبش جهانی اتحادیه های کارگری همبستگی خود با زحمتکشان او کراین را اعلان میدارد. این سازمان از پیکار زحمتکشان اوکراین علیه وحشی گری سرمایه داری و خطر رقابتهای میان آمریکا- اتحادیه اروپا و روسیه حمایت مینماید.

https://www.balatarin.com/permlink/2014/3/14/3523040

منبع “پراودا”
www.gazeta-pravda.ru
برگردان از: اردشیر قلندری

کتاب دولت مافیایی، نوشته Luke Haring  مخبر گاردین در روسیه، (ص ۱۱)،با توجه به سابقه  KGB اش، چندان تعجب آور نیست که پوتین پس از بقدرت رسسیدن، دستگاه دولتی را طبق سلیقه خود باز سازی کرد. جامعه شناسان برآورد میکنند،  که تعداد صاحب منصبان عالیرتبه با سابقه کاری در KGB   که به کرملین راه یافته اند، در سال ۲۰۰۳ ۲۵% در سال ۲۰۰۷ ـ ۴۲% و  کلاً تا امروز به ۷۷% رسیده اند. Sioiki  عنوان همه آنهایی است که سابقه کاریKGB ، اطلاعات و ضد اطلاعات ارتش دارند و در مجموعه جدیدی با عنوان مخفف FSB  دولت را قبضه کرده اند. این سازمان جدید  با قریب ۲۰۰٫۰۰۰  نفرهم از KGB  بزرگتر است و هم مدرنتر. تفاوت اصلی آن با KGB  در ایسنت که KGB به کمیته مرکزی حزب کمونیست پاسخگو بود ولی FSB  کاملاً تحت نظر پوتین است و به هیچ ارگانی چه دولت و چه دوما پاسخ گو نیست. افراد این سازمان از لحاظ آزادی عمل حتی قتل در درگیری های شخصی بکسی پاسخگو نیستند.

در ص ۳۰ همین کتاب،به نقل از گاردین ماه دسامبر ۲۰۰۷ ثروت پنهانی ولادیمیر پوتین را ۴۰ مییلیارد دلار برآورد میکند. در همین کتاب از دولت کنونی روسیه بعنوان جاسوسی ترین دولت دونیا نام میبرد و از لحاظ آزادی عمل در کشتن و گرفتن و شکنجه آنرا با استخبارات صدام حسین تشبیه میکند. ( توضیح اینکه من بعداً در باره این کتاب بسیار خواندنی پس از تمام کردنش بیشتر خواهم نوشت.) MafiaState کالبد شکافی رژیمی است که سایت فوق

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Most in east Ukraine region against joining Russia

Placard
(Globalpost/GlobalPost)
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A majority of inhabitants in Ukraine’s pro-Russian protest hub Donetsk do not want to join Russia but consider the government in Kiev to be illegitimate, according to a poll published Saturday.

52.2 percent of people questioned in the region, the focal point of separatist unrest that has seen pro-Moscow militants seize a string of towns, said they were against joining Russia while 27.5 percent favoured rule from Ukraine’s former Soviet master Moscow.

Among the 3,200 respondents across Ukraine’s entire Russian-speaking southeast, the number of those opposed to Moscow taking control rose to 69.7 percent, according to the poll from Kiev’s Institute for International Sociology published in the Russian-language Weekly Mirror newspaper.

In the Donetsk region, where separatists have declared an independent republic and demanded a referendum on autonomy, 38.4 percent said they backed Kremlin demands to federalise Ukraine and 41 percent said they wanted a decentralisation of power.

Inhabitants in the east remain highly suspicious of Kiev’s interim authorities, who took over from pro-Moscow president Viktor Yanukovych after his ouster in February following months of bloody protests.

Some 74 percent of respondents said they consider acting President Oleksandr Turchynov to be illegitimate, the poll said.

Russia, which NATO says has some 40,000 troops on the border, has said it has the right to intervene militarily in Ukraine to protect Russian speakers and has denied Western allegations that it is behind the separatist unrest.

But 57.2 percent of those polled in Donetsk said they felt their rights have not been violated and 66.3 percent said they were against a Russian military intervention.

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Could use of force in Ukraine’s east backfire?

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The people in the east of the country are Ukrainian citizens. Many of them say they do not want to see the country divided.

And so far there has been an upsurge of unity and patriotism, driven by the perceived threat from Russia.

But many of them also remain sceptical of this new government. They believe it is made up of people from the country’s west and centre, who do not have their needs and concerns at heart.

Pro-Russian activists use tyres to make barricades outside local government headquarters in Makiyivka, near Donetsk 13/04/2014
Half a dozen or so towns and cities in eastern Ukraine have been targeted by pro-Russia forces
David Stern

13 April 2014 Last updated at ۲۱:۲۴ GMT

By David SternBBC News, Kiev

Ukraine’s President Oleksander Turchynov has issued an ultimatum to pro-Russian activists and gunmen in the country’s east – lay down your arms and vacate government buildings by Monday morning, otherwise the government will call in the army.

It would seem he has no time to lose. Large parts of eastern Ukraine are slipping out of Kiev’s control.

More and more police stations and government buildings have been falling to the protesters and unidentified militants.

All the people here are against the government. They may not entirely like the taking over of the police station, but people here are angry”

YuliaJournalist in Sloviansk

Donetsk, Luhansk, Sloviansk, Kramatorsk, Druzhkivka – these are the cities or towns where the activists have established themselves, with reports of building takeovers in Mariupol and Yenakiyevo.

Ukraine’s state security head, Valentyn Nalyvaichenko, was categorical: “We don’t have much time left. Tonight and tomorrow will be crucial.”

Red linesBut, according to the government, this is not a home-grown insurrection.

Mr Turchynov repeated accusations, supported by western officials, that Russia is behind the tumult.

Many of the gunmen carry Russian weapons and look very much like the Kremlin forces who took Crimea.

“The aggressor has not stopped and is continuing to sow disorder in the east of the country,” he said.

Ukraine’s newly installed leaders have already set down a red line. They say they will respond to Russian incursions into the country with force.

Now, they say, this line has been crossed.

However, the Kremlin has also drawn its own line.

Russian officials have said Kiev must refrain from any violence against the protesters, otherwise it risks “sparking a civil war” in the country.

Moscow has declared it has “no intention” of sending troops into Ukraine.

But, Russia’s legislature has also authorised President Vladimir Putin to intervene in Ukraine militarily, if Moscow’s interests are threatened.

These interests, according to Mr Putin, include Ukraine’s Russian-speaking population – though the overwhelming majority of them are in fact ethnic Ukrainians.

Armed pro-Russia protesters on the outskirts of the eastern Ukrainian city of Sloviansk 13/04/2014Comparisons are being drawn between the pro-Russia forces that have emerged in eastern Ukraine and those who were active in Crimea last month

But a military crackdown on the protesters carries not just a threat from abroad. There are internal risks as well.

If what the Kiev, Washington and Brussels officials say is true – that Russian organisers and special forces are among the activists – there are apparently still a number of locals there, too.

It bears remembering that this government was itself swept into power on a wave of outrage at the deaths of Ukrainians at the hands of former President Viktor Yanukovych’s government.

ScepticalThe people in the east of the country are Ukrainian citizens. Many of them say they do not want to see the country divided.

And so far there has been an upsurge of unity and patriotism, driven by the perceived threat from Russia.

But many of them also remain sceptical of this new government. They believe it is made up of people from the country’s west and centre, who do not have their needs and concerns at heart.

Others are on the fence. They are waiting to see what the next days will bring. If there is bloodshed, it may turn them against Kiev.

“All of the people here are against the government – even those who went to the capital to demonstrate,” said Yulia, a local journalist in Sloviansk.

“They came back from there, and they saw a bunch of oligarchs made governors – just the people they were fighting against,” she said.

“They may not entirely like the taking over of the police station, but people here are angry.”

Map of eastern Ukraine, Donetsk region

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U.S. Said to Warn Money Managers of More Russia Sanctions

By Christopher Condon
Photographer: Dmitri Dukhanin/Kommersant via Getty Images

Russian President Vladimir Putin’s nationally televised question and answer session on… Read More

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The Obama administration told asset managers last week that it was planning additional sanctions against Russia over the conflict in Ukraine.

Officials from the Treasury Department and the National Security Council met in Washington with mutual-fund and hedge-fund managers, according to a person who attended. Their comments sent a message that more sanctions are on the way and that investors, if they were concerned about the impact, should manage that risk, said the person, who asked not to be identified because the discussions weren’t public.

The meeting, convened a week before talks with Russia in Geneva that ended yesterday, left managers grappling with the question of whether the government intended to follow through, or was trying to trigger asset sales through the threat of sanctions, said the person. Former administration officials have said forcing Russia out of global financial markets is the strongest tool President Barack Obamahas at his disposal in trying to defuse the ongoing crisis between Russia and Ukraine.

“A lot of firms on the buy side have cut their exposure to Russia,” Jack Deino, the head of emerging-market debt at Atlanta-based Invesco Ltd., said in an interview, talking about the industry in general.

Photographer: Jim Bourg/AFP/Getty Images

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, said Russia, which the U.S. and its European allies… Read More

The four-way talks on the crisis in Ukraine ended with an accord, after Russian President Vladimir Putin said he hopes he won’t have to send in troops. Emerging-market stocks and the ruble rose. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said Russia, which the U.S. and its European allies accuse of stoking the conflict, must start implementing the deal within days or face additional sanctions.

Russian Risk

“If we’re not able to see progress on the immediate efforts, to be able to implement the principles of this agreement this weekend, then we will have no choice but to impose further costs on Russia,” Kerry said at a press conference.

Investors had been selling Russian securities, causing its currency to fall 7.3 percent against the dollar this year. The country’s reaction to the ouster of President Viktor Yanukovych in February — annexing the Crimea region and amassing troops by the Ukraine border — has increased the perception of risk attached to investing in Russian sovereign debt.

The cost to protect $10 million of debt through the credit default swap market has risen to $248,000 annually for five years from $166,000 at the end of last year, according to data provider CMA, a unit of McGraw Hill Financial Inc.

An administration official warned this week that if the talks fail, the U.S. is ready to take further steps, targeting people in the Russian president’s inner circle and entities they oversee. Industry-specific sanctions are also an option, according to the official, who spoke about private talks on condition of anonymity.

‘Biggest Weapon’

“The biggest weapon in terms of sanctions would be similar sanctions to what we did in Iran and basically try to exclude Russia from international financial markets,” said William Pomeranz, deputy director of the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies of the Woodrow Wilson Center inWashington. “The Russians fear that, and that is what the Russians want to avoid.”

The meeting in Washington last week included several mutual-fund companies with large bond units, according to the person. Separately, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission has been asking U.S. asset managers about their investments in Russian securities, said the person.

The National Security Council is the president’s main forum for considering national security and foreign policy matters.

‘Undermine Oligarchs’

An administration official, who asked for anonymity to discuss internal deliberations, said there have been no specific requests made to investors not to invest in Russia. The official said theDepartment of Commerce and the Treasury do have conversations with the business community to explain what they’re doing, such as briefing executives after a sanctions announcement. The official said the government maintains open lines of communication so businesses understand what policy makers are doing.

Hillary Clinton, a former U.S. secretary of state, said this month that the global economic market is doing its part to rein in Putin.

“The flood of money out of Russia in the last several months has been astonishing, and I hope it continues,” Clinton said April 8 at a conference in San Francisco. “That is the best way to undermine the oligarchs who support him, undermine his own economic interests.”

‘Wake-Up Call’

One bond manager at a large U.S. mutual-fund company, who also asked not to be named citing company policy, said the firm has been working to sell Russian debt and wasn’t inclined to return to the market in the near future. The person, who hadn’t heard of any government attempts to influence money managers, said the company perceives risk in Russia as having increased significantly.

“This is a real wake-up call that there are in the former Soviet Union still a lot of moving parts and more risk than meets the eye,” said Deino at Invesco (IVZ), a mutual-fund manager with $787 billion as of March 31. “This is going to result in a decisive increase in the cost of doing business in Russia, in the risk premium, and that’s not going to go away for years.”

Deino is the lead manager of the Dublin-registered Invesco Emerging Markets Bond Fund, which holds $255 million.

Western Asset Management, the bond investing unit of Legg Mason Inc., has been making “incremental” purchases of Russian assets that are less exposed to sanctions, Robert Abad, who helps oversee about $53 billion of emerging-market debt at Western, said in a telephone interview.

Geneva Accord

“It’s all about the sensitivity of each sector to potential sanctions,” said Abad, who favors telecommunications and mining. “No one is here to gamble. We all have a fiduciary responsibility to asses risk in the most prudent way.”

The Geneva statement called for all illegal armed groups in Ukraine to be disarmed, seized buildings to be returned to their legitimate owners and occupied public places to be vacated. An amnesty will be granted to protesters. A mission from the Organization for Security and Cooperation inEurope will help oversee the measures. A new constitutional process will aim to establish “a broad national dialogue.”

Russia’s ruble jumped the most among 31 global currencies tracked by Bloomberg after the accord in Geneva was announced, and Ukraine’s hryvnia posted the longest rally since August. The MICEX Index of Russian stocks rose 0.5 percent yesterday. Trading in Moscow closed before the agreement was announced. The index has declined 12 percent his year.

 

 

Interview: ‘We May Already Be Past The Point Of No Return’

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How much of the chaos in eastern Ukraine is simply created by oligarchs and corrupt law enforcement to keep

Kyiv from disrupting their lucrative control over the regio

How much of the chaos in eastern Ukraine is simply created by oligarchs and corrupt law enforcement to keep Kyiv from disrupting their lucrative control over the region? 

Kyiv Post

Radio Free europe

April 16, 2014

Ivan Lozowy, a Kyiv-based political analyst, traveled to the eastern Ukrainian cities of Kharkiv and Luhansk this week. He talks to RFE/RL’s Daisy Sindelar about Kyiv’s failure to confront the separatist crisis and the role of the Donbas oligarchs in stirring up the unrest.RFE/RL: You were just in Luhansk, where you say you heard both pro- and anti-Russia sentiment. So why was the local Ukrainian Security Service headquarters handed over to separatists without a fight?Ivan Lozowy: The bad news is that law enforcement is really very passive, and in some ways even cooperating with the pro-Russia protesters. The traffic police have sealed off the city center, but they regularly let various supplies pass through for the pro-Russia protesters grouped around the secret-service building. People are complaining that members of the Russia protest camp are sitting in expensive restaurants, eating and drinking for free, and walking along the streets carrying Kalashnikovs, and no one is trying to take the guns away or arrest them or anything. The local government is not dealing with the situation on the ground, which of course only allows the problem to grow.RFE/RL: How do you explain their failure to act?

Lozowy: Before all this started, law enforcement was living a fairly easy life in the sense that the local police and secret service were all involved in various schemes to obtain money — corruption, protection, racketeering, things like that. Suddenly, there was a serious, even deadly, situation where masked gunmen had seized the secret-service building. And these law enforcement types, who aren’t used to enforcing the law but have just been making money on the side, were simply unprepared and didn’t want to risk their lives in order to face these armed terrorists and separatists.

Ivan Lozowy heads the Institute of Statehood and Democracy.Ivan Lozowy heads the Institute of Statehood and Democracy.

Another factor is that Luhansk Oblast is controlled by Oleksandr Yefremov, the head of the parliamentary faction of Party of Regions. He’s one of the top people in that organization before it started falling apart after [ousted President Viktor] Yanukovych fled Ukraine, and he’s the boss of the Donbas. He’s supporting these separatists and terrorists to some extent. Probably financially, certainly morally. He may well be behind instructing local law enforcement officials to hold back. He’s interested in Luhansk being a problem area, so that his hold on local business, local politics is not dislodged by the new government in Kyiv.

RFE/RL: You’ve described a similar situation in Kharkiv, where the deputy governor, Vasyl Khoma, has been put in charge of coordinating pro-Kyiv self-defense units despite the fact that he is also known to have organized “titushky” attacks on the same self-defense units.

Lozowy: The self-defense forces don’t want to work with him. They don’t even want to meet with him. They don’t trust Khoma. I was also told that [Kharkiv Mayor] Hennadiy Kernes has firm control over all of the local police. They and the titushky are both being coordinated by Kernes, so that in case there’s an incursion of little green men or armed separatists or Russian forces, they won’t have to forcibly seize the police headquarters — it will just be handed over by these two groups working under Kernes’s instruction. That’s the expectation.

RFE/RL: Interior Minister Arsen Avakov has come under fire in Kyiv for failing to control the unrest in the east — particularly in Kharkiv, which is his hometown, and where he served as regional governor. Why can’t he reel in Kernes?

Lozowy: There are a couple of things clear to me about Avakov. First of all, for him the move to the Ministry of Internal Affairs was a big move. A local governor is one thing, but a national minister is a much higher level. It’s a much higher level in terms of corruption as well. Look at the appointments that Avakov has made of the top militia officers in each oblast. In Dnipropetrovsk, he appointed a police chief who had run for local office with Party of Regions. The Ostrov news site later reported that that man was believed to have paid well over $600,000 for the appointment.  If you count this up from each oblast, Avakov may have made several million dollars in cash quite quickly.

Kharkiv is Avakov’s region. He was governor there, he’s from there. He should know everybody from top to bottom, and he should be able to bring about order there at least very quickly. And this constant return of the titushky, the beating of Ukrainian activists, repeat seizures of buildings — that’s really Kernes’s way of pressuring Avakov. There’s a game going on between them. But there’s cooperation as well. I was there on April 14, and all of the “kolorados,” the people wearing the St. George ribbons, had been removed from the street. Why? Because Avakov was there, they didn’t want him to look bad.

RFE/RL: You describe officials like Kernes and Yefremov as being motivated primarily by their desire to hold on to their business empires. Are politics in any way a factor?

Lozowy: Politics is clearly secondary. If Chinese military forces showed up in Odesa and began marching across southeastern Ukraine and they made a good offer to Kernes or Yefremov — say, $2 billion apiece just to stay in place and make sure the local population supports the incursion, they’d be all for it.

For them money is everything. I don’t think they have any political values. They just don’t want to be arrested and put in jail. They don’t want to be in exile in Russia, because that’s a very bad life for them. So what they do is play these games. The current chaos works to their advantage, because it keeps them out of reach.

This is Rinat Akhmetov’s motivation as well. He’s a very, very smart person. He understood that the Euromaidan victory was sort of the first bell that tolled for him. That’s why he’s quietly supporting the separatists in Donetsk and pretending he’s trying to help the situation. It just increases the pressure on Kyiv.

RFE/RL: We have reports of seized Ukrainian APCs flying Russian flags, Ukrainian soldiers switching sides. What do you think of Kyiv’s management of its military?

Lozowy: I think it’s been a complete failure thus far. Unless something changes drastically, we’re going to see parts of eastern Ukraine fall directly to Russia along the same pattern that we saw in Crimea. [Acting President] Oleksandr Turchynov has been acting as though he’s a pacifist. The government is behind the situation, and not in front of it.

The situation is such that slowly but surely, we’re losing eastern Ukraine and we’re sort of really maybe even past the point of no return. Turchynov announced this antiterrorist operation on Sunday morning [April 13]. Nothing was done for several days. At all. How can you explain that? That’s a complete failure.

You don’t announce a widespread antiterrorist operation and do nothing, for days. It’s ridiculous. If something isn’t done within a week’s time, they’ll have control of the Donbas region, and then it’s just a question of announcing a local republic head, then a quick referendum and incorporation into the Russian Federation.