بحرین بسوی آشتی ملی

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روزنامه حریت چاپ ترکیه در یک گزارش خبری (کپی انگلیسی در زیر) مینویسد که حزب وفاق مهمترین حزب شیعه، که قبلاً ۳۸ نماینده در پارلمان  ۸۰ نفری بحرین داشته است امکان مشارکت برای اشتی ملی و شرکت در روند سیاسی کشور را مورد بر رسی قرار میدهد.

 

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Tuesday, June 28, 2011

DUBAI – The Associated Press United

Just days before Bahrain’s Sunni rulers hope to open talks with the Shiite opposition, the country’s most powerful pro-reform bloc is asking supporters whether it should join or snub the dialogue, causing a crack in the opposition.

Already, the leaders of the Shiite political group al-Wefaq have appeared to show their leanings questioning how reconciliation efforts, pushed by the United States, can proceed while authorities still impose rigid security measures and hold trials linked to the Shiite-led campaign for greater rights. Now the question of whether to participate in the government-arranged dialogue beginning Saturday is being debated in town hall-style meetings around the strategic Gulf island nation, home to the U.S. Navy’s 5th Fleet. Much hangs on the outcome.

The absence of Wefaq would be a severe blow to the credibility of the talks and reinforce the sense that Bahrain is still deeply wounded after more than four months of unrest. Wefaq is the leading political voice for Shiites about 70 percent of Bahrain’s 525,000 people and held 18 seats in the 40-member parliament before a mass resignation to protest the violence against demonstrators.

It also would sting Washington, which has publicly backed the talks as the only option to calm tensions in one of its main Gulf military allies. At the same time, the U.S. is under growing pressures to take a harder line against Bahrain’s ruling dynasty, which claims that Shiite power Iran has had a role in the protests.

At least 31 people have died since February when Bahrain’s Shiites inspired by uprisings elsewhere in the Middle East started a campaign for greater freedoms and an end to the Sunni hold on power. Hundreds of Shiite opposition supporters and leaders have been arrested or dismissed from state jobs and universities.

Last week, eight prominent opposition activists were sentenced to life in prison. On Monday, 28 doctors and nurses faced charges of taking part in the protests and spreading “false news” which is seen as a reference to talking to foreign media.

“It’s not a good atmosphere,” said Ali Salman, the leader of Wefaq, who suggested Bahrain’s rulers are seeking dialogue to improve the country’s image so that it again appears safe for tourism and foreign investors.

“They picked a date, they sent out invitations and they decided on the agenda,” Salman said. “We feel that even the result of this dialogue has already been determined. That is a bad sign.”

Muneera Fakhro, a Sunni politician who is leading the secular al-Waad party at the talks, said the entire effort would be futile without Wefaq. “If they don’t come, then with whom will the government talk in the opposition?” she said.

Even the distribution of seats points to a possible Wefaq protest boycott. Just five of the 300 seats in the talks have been set aside for Wefaq even though they represented about 60 percent of voters in parliamentary elections last year. Many other seats have gone to government-allied civic groups, political societies and business representatives.

 

 

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