تونس بسوی انقلاب دوم!

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در یک ویدئو کلیپ که متأسفانه نتوانستم آنرا  در اینجا کلیپ کنم، نشان داده میشود که پلیس تونس بین تظاهر کنندگان شیشه های آب پخش میکند. بنظر من این پخش بطری های آب بین تظاهر کنندگان پیش درآمد پیوستن پلیس به مردم است چون دو سه روز پیش از آنکه پلیس مصر به مردم بپیوندد شروع به پخش بطریهای آب خنک بین توده تظاهر کننده ضد مُرسی کرد. حالا این ژست سمبولیک از سوی پلیس تونس تکرار میشود که مردم هم با هلهله بدان پاسخ میدهند.

Sa77a chribitkom. #Bardo #Ra7il

اعتراضات ضد دولتی در سراسر تونس رو به گسترش است. تعداد اعضای کنار کشیده از مجمع قانون اساسی، که در عین حال نقش پارلمان موقت تونس را دارد که بر اساس نسبت نمایندگی در آن دولت ائتلافی “النهضت” و ائتلاف حامی رئیس جمهور مرزوقی تشکیل شده است، از دیروز تا بحال، از ۴۲ به ۶۵ نفر رسیده است و احتمال اینکه با کنار کشیدن تعداد بیشتری از نمایندگان؛ دولت و مجلس عملاً از اکثریت و پشتوانه قانونی و اکثریت بیفتند بسیار است.

بنحوی که اوضاع با این شتاب  در تونس پیش میرود، حتی جنبش تمرد تونس هم دیگر ضرورت خود را از دست میدهد. مردم هرلحظه در انبوه بیشتری با صدای بلند انحلال دولت تحت رهبری اسلامسیتها را طلب میکنند. این احتمال هم بعید نیست که حتی خود مرزوقی رئیس جمهور سکولار لیبرال تونس هم با مشاهده اوضاع استعفاء داده و به معترضین بپیوندد.

موج انقلاب ضد اسلامگرایی بنحوی طوفنده در سراسر مغرب (شمال آفریقا) در حال گسترش است. هم اکنون این موج بخش وسیعی از لیبی را هم فرا گرفته است. انتظار اینکه با سرایت آن به مراکش، که در آنجا(حکومت پادشاهی مغرب) دولت اخوان المسلمینی  بر سر کار است، آن دولت (دولت اخوانی) هم با اعتراض مردم ساقط شود بسیار است. باز تاب این رخدادها در الجزایر که خود، حکومتی ضد اخوان المسلمینی دارد چگونه خواهد بود معلوم نیست. ولی پس لرزهای این موج به احتمال زیاد به سودان بحران زده هم خواهد رسید.

این موج رو به ژرفش و گسترش، بزرگترین اثر خود را، نهایتاً باز در خود مصر که این موج از آنجا آغاز شده است بصورت نیرومند تر شدن پتانسیل جنبش ضد اسلمگرایی نشان خواهد داد. زیرا گسترش این موج که در حقیقت ادامه جنبش مردم مصر است نمیتواند مصریان را به راهی که در پیش گرفته اند و نقش پیشتازانه ایی که داشته اند؛ بیش از پیش دلبسته تر نکرده و در جنبش آنجا انرژی آفرینی بیشتر نکند.

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Assassination, Ennahda and opposition spell out Tunisia’s turbulence
Following second assassination of opposition figure, tensions with ruling Islamists lead many activists to replicate Egypt’s grass-roots signature drive ‘Tamarod’
Bassem Aly , Wednesday 31 Jul 2013
Tunisia

A demonstrator holds a lighted flare during a protest to demand the ouster of the Islamist-dominated government, outside the Constituent Assembly headquarters in Tunis July 28, 2013 (Photo: Reuters)

The killing of Tunisia’s opposition politician Mohamed Brahmi opened fire on the ruling Islamist party Ennahda, which faced an angry wave of protests during the last week.

This is not the first incident, as another opposition figure, Chokri Belaid, was assassinated on 6 February leading to a wave of political tensions between the government and the opposition in Tunisia.

The Arab Spring pioneer state seems uncertain about its democratic future, especially amid the absence of a joint political vision.

Who Killed Brahmi?

The assassinated parliamentarian Brahmi was shot dead by unidentified gunmen outside his home on 25 July in the exact way in which Belaid lost his live.

President Moncef Marzouki said the killing was aimed at derailing the Arab Spring and called it a “second national catastrophe” after Belaid’s murder as many opposition forces accused Ennahda of committing both crimes.

Last week, General Union of Tunisian Labour (UGTT) called for general strikes across the North African country, which was implemented “100 percent,” said Mahmoud El- May, a member of the Constituent Assembly (ANC), which is in charge of drafting Tunisia’s new constitution.

“For instance, all airports were closed; however, it is difficult to see what happened in Egypt because of the un-politicised military and consensus on the constitution-writing process,” added El-May, a member of the centrist Al-Joumhouri Party.

Tunisia Prime Minister Ali Larayedh, heading an Ennahda-led coalition, that includes the centre-left Ettakatol Party and Congress for the Republic (CPR), called for a general election for 17 December following an emergency meeting intended to reduce political tensions as anti-government protests called for the ouster of the government.

He insisted that the National Constituent Assembly (NCA) will complete the drafting of the constitution by 23 October.

This statement coincided with a warning by one of Ennahda’s coalition partners, Ettaktol, to withdraw unless a new national unity government is formed, claiming it is necessary to “end the widespread and increasingly violent protests.”

Ennahda’s international spokesperson Yusra Ghannouchi spoke to Ahram Online on the issue.

“There are some calls for exploiting the tragic and heinous assassination crime to attempt once again to obstruct the completion of the democratic transition and the organisation of elections by those who are not committed to the democratic process,” Ghannouchi said.

She said that a full draft constitution has been completed. The assembly has already started to discuss it in preparation for amendments and adoption. Several fundamental commissions (media, judiciary etc.) have been formed and the electoral commission that will oversee the organisation of elections by the end of this year “is almost ready.”

Egypt-inspired Tamarod movement

The way Egypt’s ex-president Mohamed Morsi was ousted inspired many Tunisian anti-government activists.

The so-called Tamarod (Rebel) movement collected 22 million signatures against the Islamist president in Egypt, sparking nationwide protests that called for his ouster.

Tunisia is currently replicating this experience.

Opposition activists launched their own version of Tamarod, accusing Ennahda of attempting to create a religious state that restricts personal freedoms and criticising it for its failure to manage the economy.

Meriem Dhaouadi, a Tunisian youth activist, said that Tamarod aims at reaching 2 million signatures within the next few weeks, calling for the formation of a consensual government, dissolution of the elected NCA and creation of a “body of experts” to draft a new constitution.

“I do expect the leading Ennahda government to fall down pretty soon. The people are angry from the course of assassinations, as well as the almost-same neo-liberal economic policies implemented under the dictatorship of Ben Ali,” she said.

“Although the troika is leading Tunisia today, in reality it is a one party rule, that of Ennahda, while the other parties seem not to be involved in the decision-making,” Dhaouadi added.

On 14 July, Tamarod announced the collection of 870,000 signatures out of 10-million people, but the claim could not be verified, according to AFP.

Larayedh, in a radio interview, described Tamarod last week as a “copycat group” that represents a danger to the democratic process.

Mabrouka Mbarek, a CPR Constituent Assembly member, said that asking the government to resign is a legitimate demand, but calling for the dissolution of the NCA is “irresponsible.” “The government was not able to prevent the assassination of a politician,” she asserted.

Mbarek said that Tunisians need to “wrap up the job and get this transition to an end,” otherwise the ‘counter-revolution’ will get stronger and take us back to a dictatorship.”

Ghannouchi said “some nihilistic and irresponsible attempts” in Tunisia seek to exploit the “tragic situation” in Egypt in order to destroy the whole political process.

“No sane person would wish to take their country into the same direction into which Egypt is being dragged, and secondly because the arguments used by some to justify the coup in Egypt simply do not exist in Tunisia,” Ghannouchi noted.

According to most news reports, dozens of Tunisian MPS have been boycotting parliamentary sessions since Brahmi’s assassination, a situation that led NCA speaker

Mustapha Ben Jaafar to call for “restraint” and urge them to resume work on the delayed constitution.

Local authorities accused Al-Qaeda-linked Salafist group Ansar Al-Sharia, of assassinating Brahmi; the latter denied their involvement.

Brahmi was buried next to Belaid in El-Jellaz cemetery, where hundreds of thousands of mourners took the streets of the capital Tunis during his funeral on Saturday.

 Protests Across Tunisia  Demand Fall of Govenment

Protesters near the National Constituent Assembly building in Bardo, July 28, 2013. Image credit: Tristan Dreisbach, Tunisia LiveAnti Government protesters near the National Constituent Assembly building in Bardo, July 28, 2013., Image credit: Tristan Dreisbach, Tunisia Live

Across Tunisia, anti-government protesters have demanded the dissolution of the National Constituent Assembly (NCA) and the ouster of the government led by Ennahdha, an Islamist-leaning party.

The focus of the demonstrations has been the plaza in front of the NCA building in the Tunis suburb of Bardo, where anti-government protesters and multiple assembly members held a sit-in. 65 NCA members have so far announced their withdrawal from the parliament.

Demonstrations around the country have occurred following the assassination of Mohamed Brahmi on Thursday. The sit-in started in earnest on Saturday following Brahmi’s funeral and calls from the withdrawn NCA members, opposition parties, and activists to gather in Bardo. Thousands of protesters appeared, chanting slogans, singing the national anthem, and vowing to remain there until the assembly was dissolved.

Police Presence

A heavy police presence separated protesters from the NCA building, with rows of uniformed officers facing the crowd and large police vans and armored vehicles moving through the area. Road traffic into Bardo was cut off in the early afternoon, with protesters arriving by foot.

As numbers grew, police dispersed crowds with volleys of tear gas, causing demonstrators to flee into the streets surrounding the plaza. A Tunisia Live reporter witnessed a man who had been hit with bird shot near the Monoprix grocery store in Bardo. Bird shot is fired with a shotgun and releases small lead pellets which spray widely.

Tunisia Live reporters witnessed police use their vehicles to disband groups, accelerating into groups of people, forcing them to flee. Throughout the day and night, police would allow protesters to retake the plaza, only to push them out again shortly after.

Protesters confront police near National Constituent Assembly, July 27, 2013. Photo credit: Tunisia LiveProtesters confront police near National Constituent Assembly, July 27, 2013. Photo credit: Tunisia Live

NCA member Mongi Rahoui, a withdrawn NCA member from the Popular Front opposition party, alleged that he was physically assaulted by security forces while participating in the protests.

Well-known police reform advocate Bassem Bouguerra was reportedly injured by police at Bardo as well, according to Nawaat.

Khemais Ksila, an NCA member with the Nidaa Tounes opposition party, told Mosaique FM today that he met with Interior Minister Lotfi ben Jeddou, who he said ordered security officers not to use force against protesters and promised to investigate use of excessive force.

Politicians Respond

Supporters of the ruling Ennahdha party were present in Bardo Friday afternoon as well, although they appeared to be in smaller numbers than the anti-government demonstrators. There were verbal confrontations, but no reports of any physical conflict between the sides.

Sahbi Atig, leader of the Ennahdha caucus at the NCA, spoke to government supporters in Bardo on Saturday night, accusing anti-government demonstrators of seeking a “coup d’etat” and deemed them “anarchists,” the Huffington Post Maghreb reported.

Interior Ministry spokesman Mohamed Ali Aroui told radio station Expresss FM that security forces intervened at the NCA to break up confrontations between the two opposing groups of protesters and disperse the crowd.

At 7 pm Saturday evening, NCA Speaker Mustapha Ben Jaafar addressed the nation, calling on the withdrawn assembly members to return asserting that the assembly could be able to finish its work by October 23.

Protests Expected to Continue

On Saturday evening, the number of protesters there appeared to swell. Members of Brahmi’s family arrived around 11 pm to cheers from protesters and joined calls for Ennahdha to leave power, according to Huffington Post Maghreb.

Video from early Saturday morning shows police handing out bottles of water to protesters to drink before resuming their Ramadan fasting at dawn. Shortly after that, however, the police reportedly cleared the plaza again with tear gas.

The Bardo sit-in is planned to resume Sunday afternoon.

Demonstrations Around the Country

The protests have not been confined to Bardo alone. Similar scenes have been seen over the past days and into Saturday night across Tunisia.

In Gafsa, a protester was killed after being struck in the head by a tear gas canister. In Sidi Bouzid, protesters took to the streets, clashed with the police, and declared a “coordination committee” to take over local governance responsibilities. In Siliana, a police station and a local Ennahdha office were set on fire by demonstrators. Protests also occurred in cities such as Monastir and Sfax, with reports of tear gas being used by security forces.

– See more at: http://www.tunisia-live.net/2013/07/28/protests-across-tunisia-demand-fall-of-government/#sthash.xDLx0WTW.dpuf

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