رژیم سوسیالیست پوپولیستی ونزوئلا در بحران

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مردم  در خیابانها شروع به مانع سازی کرده  و جاده های اصلی منتهی به کاراکاس، والنسیا و مارا چیبو را با تخته پاره و مبلهای کهنه مسدود کرده اند . این در حالیست که رهبر اپوزیسیون  هنریو کاپریلز از معترضین خواسته بود که به فراخوان شبکه های اجتماعی برای مسدود کردن راه ها توجه نکنند. تشهر کنندگان دیروز صبح با قابلمه  تابههای خالی به خیابانها آمده و با نواختن بدانها و تولید سر و صدا اعتراض خود را ابراز میکردند.

 تظاهرات مخالفین دولت و ضد تظاهرات  دولتی ها امروز هم در کاراکاس و برخی دیگر از شهرهای  ونزوئلا ادامه یافت. سیر حوادث  در ونزوئلا  حاکی از آنست که  شورش مردم در ونزوئلا  شبیه همان  مسیر ی را طی میکند که در اوکرائین طی شد و منجر به سقوط رژیم  موافق روسیه یانوکویچ  در آنجا گردید.

تا کنون در خشونتهای اعتراضی ۱۳ نفر کشته شده اند. رژیم کنونی ونزوئلا نه قادر به سرکوب اعتراضات است و نه مانند یک جامعه بالغ سیاسی  نوع غربی توان مدیریت این گونه اعتراضات مدنی را دارد.  آرایش نیرو هم اکنون بصورتی اتفاق می افتند که   که جامعه بدان عادت ندارد و از این  رو است که اگر دولت نتواند این تظاهرات خیابانی را  در مرحله جنینی  اش سرکوب  و خاموش کند  تا سرنگونی رژیم هم پیش  خواهد رفت. اگر تنش خیابانی ادامه یابد بعید بنظر میرسد که دولت مادرو بنواند آن جمعیتی را هم که اکنون با اتکاء به اقتدار و مشروعت دولت به خیابانها می آورد به خیابانها بکشاند. با گسترش اعتراضات پلیس هم نمیتواند اعتراضات را جمع کند و احتمالاً یا به خشونت بیشتر وادار خواهد شد که شورش را شعله ورتر خواهد کرد و یا گام بگام عقب خواهد نشست و مانند اوکرائین میدان را به معترضین واخواهد نهاد. به میدان کشیدن ارتش هم مسئله را حل نخواهد کرد. با توجه به کمبود کالا در فروشگاهها و بحران اقتصدی مزمنی که جامعه ونزوئلا با آن روبروست، جان بدر بردن رژیم نیکولاس مادورو بسیار بعید بنظر میرسد.

پایان خبر و کامنت با استفاده از گزارشBBC. ح تبریزیان

۲۴ February 2014 Last updated at ۱۸:۳۷ GMT

Demonstrators block a street with a traffic sign during a protest against the government of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, in Caracas on 24 February, 2014

Anti-government protesters in Venezuela have erected barricades in the capital, Caracas.

They placed burning rubbish and furniture on main roads in an attempt to bar access to the city.

Opposition leader Henrique Capriles had earlier asked his supporters not to follow a call for a “national blockade” circulated on social media.

The blockades are the latest in a series of opposition protests in which 13 people have died.

There have been reports of similar blockades in the cities of Maracaibo and Valencia.

Protesters also banged pots and pans in the early hours of the morning to show their opposition to the government of President Nicolas Maduro.

They say they will continue with their wave of protests, which started more than two weeks ago, until Mr Maduro resigns.

More than 130 people have been injured and an opposition leader, Leopoldo Lopez, has been arrested on charges of inciting violence.

A cyclist goes through a road blocked to protest against the government of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro in San Cristobal on 23 February, 2014
Roadblocks have also been erected in San Cristobal, in Tachira state

Leopoldo Lopez handed himself

in to the authorities during a rally

on 18  february

Leopoldo Lopez is escorted by the national guard after he turned himself in, during a demonstration in Caracas, on 18 February, 2014
Lilian Tintori, wife of opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez, holds a poster during a protest against the government of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro in Caracas on 22 February, 2014
Mr Lopez’s wife has been calling for the release of her husband at marches attended by thousands

Spreading discontent

The recent unrest started in the western states of Tachira and Merida, where students took to the streets angered by Venezuela’s high crime rate and economic woes, including record inflation and shortages of basic goods.

After the arrest of a number of student leaders, the protests quickly spread to the capital, Caracas.

A largely peaceful march led by Mr Lopez snaked through the streets of the capital on 12 February demanding their release.

After the bulk of the demonstrators had returned home, a small group clashed with police.

In the melee that followed, three people were shot dead by unidentified gunmen.

The opposition blamed pro-government motorcycle gangs for the killings, while Mr Maduro said the attackers were “fascists”.

Since then, another 10 people have also died in protest-related violence across the country.

The government has blamed Mr Lopez for the unrest and accused him of trying to topple the government with the help of the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

A protester carries a Venezuelan flag during a march for peace in downtown Caracas February 23, 2014The government has mobilised its supporters and called for rival pro-government marches
Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro speaking on 23 February, 2014President Maduro has dismissed the protests as “right-wing agitation”

After an arrest warrant was issued for him, Mr Lopez handed himself in to the authorities during a march attended by thousands of his supporters.

He has since been charged with intentional arson, inciting violence, damage to public property and conspiracy.

Since his arrest on Tuesday, there have been daily demonstrations demanding his release.

There have also been rival marches by supporters of the government, which have also drawn thousands of people.

President Maduro, meanwhile, has called for a “national peace conference” to be held this week.

Mr Maduro said he would meet opposition leader Henrique Capriles on Monday as part of a routine gathering with governors and mayors, but Mr Capriles has not yet confirmed his attendance at the meeting.

 

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