جریمه بی سابقه هنگفتِ بزرگترین بانک فرانسوی بخاطر تحریم شکنی ایران

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چهارمین بانک بزرگ دنیا ممکن است به پرداخت یک جریمه ۱۰ میلیارد دلاری بخاطر تخطی از تحریمهای ایران، سودان و کوبا محکوم شود. 

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۳۰ می جمعه

امروز قیمت سهام بزرگترین بانک فرانسه و چهارمین بانک بزرگ دنیا  BNP Paribas SA   در بورس پاریس به پائین ترین سطح خود در پانزده ماه گذشته سقوط کرد. علت این سقوط کم سابقه، اظهارات یک شخص مطلع در باره احتمال جریمه شدن ۱۰ بلیون دلاری این بانک بخاطر زیر پا نهادن تحریمهای ایران، سودان  است.

این سقوط ۶٫۱%ی  که بزرگترین تنزل سهام این بانک از فوریه سال گذشته است میزان تنزل سهام آنرا در یکسال گذشته به ۱۲% رساند. این درحالیست که شاخص  بانکها و خدمات مالی اروپایی در موسسه بلومبرگ طی این مدت  ۳٫۵% هم بالا رفته ایست.

به گفته  یک فرد مطلع که نخواست نامش فاش شود، چونکه خبر هنوز رسانه ایی نشده است، امکان توافق  آمریکا با این بانک فرانسوی، برای هفته ها به تعویق خواهد افتاد. حکم جریمه ای که در ماه آوریل (ماه گذشته) برای این بانک  تعین شده بود،۱٫۱ بلیون دلار بودکه بانک این مبلغ را کنار نهاده بود ولی حالااین مبلغ بمراتب زیاد تر (ده برابر) شده است. آگاهان با نقض مقرارت تحریمای ایران، سودان و کوبا میگویند که دادستانان روی صدور حکم محکومیت پرداخت جریمه برای این بانک پا فشاری میکنند.

کیّنر لاخانی یک تحلیلگرسیتی گروپ در لندن میگوید از هاله ابهامی که بر روی چند و چون تصویه مالی بالقوه این جریمه افتاده  است بگذریم  خود  نوع اتهامات وارده به این بانک و تأثیر آنها روی ظرفیت فعالیت عملیاتی  BNP  (بانک در انتظار محکومیت)مسئله  مهم است.

محکومیت به پرداخت این جریمه هنگفت میتواند بزرگترین کیفر جنایی در نوع خود در آمریکا باشد. رقم کمتر جریمه بمبلغ  ۴ بلیون دلار متعلق به بریتش پترولیوم BP ’Plc  است.

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کامنت من:

لزومی به ترجمه کامل خبر نمیینم و وقت آنهم نیست. همانطور که  گزارشگر بلومبرگ نوشته است این رقم جریمه نزدیک به  سه برابرجریمه تاریخی BP  بخاطر نشت میلیونها تن نفت خام در خلیج مکزیک از چهاه نفتی این غول نفتی است که خود یزرگترین جریمه ثبت شده در تاریخ محکومیت های مالی است.

آنچه برای ما ایرانیها باید قابل توجه باشد ضرر و زیان و حتی زمین خوردن چهارمین غول بانکی دنیا نیست بلکه وحشتی است که این حکم دادگاههای آمریکا در دل دور زنندگان تحریمهای وضع شده علیه این سه کشور یاد شده بشمول ایران  در دل  نقض کنندگان تحریمها می اندازد.

خوشبختانه برابر گزارش داگنز نرینگ لیو؛ روزنامه اقتصادی نروژ؛  آمریکا ممکنست بایکوت کوبا را بردارد و این امر قابل پیش بینی هم بود. ولی در عوض کمپانیهایی که ریسک معامله با ایران را می پذیرند در آینده نرخ بیمه این ریسک را با دولت و بازرگانان ما افزایش خواهند داد و بیشتر باجگیری خواهند کرد و میدان چپاول برادران هم وسیعتر خواهد شد و خوش بکام روسها که در حاشیه اقتصاد جهانی، کشور ما را بهتر میتوانند به چنبره رابطه نو استعماری خود بکشند و سر کیسه کنند.

 

U.S. authorities are seeking a record fine against BNP Paribas that would make it the first French bank since President Barack Obama took office to be penalized for doing business with sanctioned countries.

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BNP Paribas SA could be fined record $10-billion for moving money for

clients in sanctioned Iran, Sudan and Cuba

 

BNP Paribas SA fell the most in 15 months in Paris trading after a person familiar with the matter said U.S. authorities are seeking more than $10 billion to settle federal and state investigations into dealings with sanctioned countries including Sudan and Iran.

The shares declined as much as 6.1%, the largest drop since February 2013, and were 5.3% lower at 49.85 euros by 11:41 a.m. in Paris. BNP Paribas, the largest French bank, has fallen 12% this year, compared with a 3.5% increase in the Bloomberg

Europe Banks and Financial Services Index.

A final deal between BNP and the U.S. is probably weeks away, said the person, who asked not to be identified because the talks aren’t public. The amount to settle has escalated: the bank said in April that it might need to pay far more than the $1.1 billion it had already set aside for the case. Prosecutors are also pressuring the company to plead guilty to moving funds for clients in violation of sanctions against Sudan, Iran and Cuba, people familiar with the matter have said.

“Beyond the uncertainty related to the potential financial settlement, the key issues remain the type of potential charges and impact on BNP’s operational capability,” Kinner Lakhani, a London-based analyst at Citigroup Inc., said in a note.

The settlement could be the largest criminal penalty in the U.S., eclipsing BP Plcs $4 billion accord with the Justice Department

last year

Escalating Fine

Jean Pierre Lambert, an analyst at Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, said in a May 21 report that he expected BNP to pay a fine of about $7 billion to avoid being excluded from the U.S. dollar payment system. Last week, Bloomberg News reported that prosecutors were seeking more than $5 billion.

Negotiations are being handled by Leslie Caldwell, head of the Justice Department’s criminal division, Manhattan U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara and Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus Vance Jr. Benjamin Lawsky, superintendent of New York’s Department of Financial Services, is also involved in the discussions, along with the Federal Reserve and the Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control.

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Spokesmen for BNP Paribas, the Justice Department, the Fed, the Treasury, Lawsky, and Vance declined to comment. The amount requested by the U.S. was reported earlier by the Wall Street Journal.

U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder is taking a tougher stance following criticism from lawmakers for settlements that let banks escape criminal charges while paying fines, admitting wrongdoing and improving controls.

Credit Suisse

Credit Suisse Group AG agreed on May 20 to pay $2.6 billion and have a unit plead guilty for helping Americans evade taxes. Shares of the second-biggest Swiss lender have gained 2.1% since the settlement was announced, while the bank has won “a number of new mandates” in private and investment banking, Chief Financial Officer David Mathers said this week.

U.S. authorities are seeking a record fine against BNP that would make it the first French bank since President Barack Obama took office to be penalized for doing business with sanctioned countries. The French government hasn’t been involved in the U.S. discussions over Paris-based BNP and views the case as a legal matter that must follow its own course, three people familiar with the government’s position have said.

More Egregious

BNP said in 2011 that it was reviewing operations to see how they complied with the Office of Foreign Assets Control’s rules after talks with the U.S. authorities. OFAC administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. The bank’s review focused on transactions made between 2002 and 2009, BNP said this month.

Prosecutors argue that a more severe penalty against BNP is justified because the misconduct was more egregious and the bank didn’t fully cooperate with the investigation, a person with knowledge of the matter has said.

BNP hasn’t breached any European rules, Bank of France Governor Christian Noyer said last week. The bank’s transactions fall under U.S. rules because they were processed in U.S. dollars.

Prosecutors met with BNP officials this month and are still discussing settlement terms, including the type of charges and whether the parent company or a subsidiary would plead guilty, one of the people has said.

A guilty plea would be a departure from previous OFAC cases, which typically ended with deferred prosecution agreements that spared offending companies from criminal prosecution. The largest settlement was in 2012, when HSBC Holdings Plc agreed to pay $1.9 billion.

In addition to HSBC’s settlement, fellow British banks Standard Chartered Plc and Barclays Plc reached accords with the U.S. over their dealings with countries covered by OFAC rules. Swiss and Dutch banks have also settled investigations into transactions with states subject to U.S. sanctions. As part of their settlements, they acknowledged responsibility for the conduct without having to plead guilty.

Those six settlements together are less than half of the $10 billion-plus BNP is said to face to resolve the case.
Bloomberg.com

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