نبردِ رمادی و غیبت شیعیان حشد الشعبی‎

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این افسر از نیروی ضد تروریست عراقی  درادامه میگوید:” هیچ فردی از ( الحشد الشعبی)، گروهای شبه نظامی شیعه مورد حمایت ایران،  در این نبرد ها شرکت ندارند زیرا واشینگتن همکاری با آنها را در عملیات آزاد سازی دانشگاه نپذیرفته است.

Forces of the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Service participated in a training exercise in Baghdad on Thursday.

نیروهای ضد تروریست عراقی آموزش دیده توسط مستشاران آمریکایی

قریب ۵ ماه پیش بود که نیروهای داعش شهر رمادی مرکز استان الانبار را در یک حمله برق آسا گرفتندو طبق روال گذشته ارتش عراق از مقابل مهاجمین گریخت و هر کسی  کس دیگری را متهم به کوتاهی؛ فرار و شکست کرد. بدنبال پیروزی برق آسای داعش بر این شهر مرکزی استان الانبار که در مجاورت بغداد قراردارد، باز هم بروال سابق، شبه نظامیان شیعه شروع کردند به سرود رزم خواندن و نمایشات رزمی در خیابانهای بغداد دادن و از حمله قریب الوقوع خود برای آزادسازی شهر خبردادند. و سایتهای وابسته به محافل نظامی ایران، هم این رجز خوانیهای شبه نظامیان شیعه عراقی موسوم حشد الشعبی( الحشد الشعبی) متانند مورد حمله برای آزادی تکریت منعکس کردند. ولی آنچه در عمل در تکریت رخ داد این بود که این شبه نظامیان شیعه فقط پس از آزادی تکریت برای غارت و بگیر و ببند بدانجا رفتند که در رسانه های دنیا و منطقه هم انعکاس زیادی یافت. این شیعیان شبه نظامی تربیت یافته و اموزش دیده سپاه قدس ایران و حزب الله لبنان میباشند

حال یکبار دیگر تهاجم نظامی جدیدی تدارک و آغاز گشته است که با حمله به دانشگاه رمادی و آزاد سازی آن بعنوان شروع آزاد سازی شهر و استان الانبار از سیطره داعش تلقی میگردد. ولی در این حمله بر خلاف همه آن رجز خوانیهای یک یا دوماه شبه نظامیان شیعه خبری از مشارکت عملی و رزمی آنان در عملیات  نظامی جاری نیست بلکه در این عملیات ابتکار بدست امریکا و نیروهائیست که آمریکا تربیت کرده و بمیدان فرستاده است.

روئیترز** در گزارش جنگی خود از شهر رمادی و  عملیات آزاد سازی دانشگاه آنشهر از جمله بنقل از گفته یک افسر نیروی ضد تروریست عراقی بنام صباح ال ـ نومانی به روئتیرز مینوسید:” نیروهای عراقی فرماندهی تهاجم برای باز پس گیری دانشگاه را در دست دارند و عملیات نظامی با غافلگیری و پشتیبانی هوایی نیروهای ائتلاف به  رهبری آمریکا انجام گرفته است. او ادامه میدهد که دانشگاه بخشی از استحکامات اصلی و مقر فرماندهی داعش میباشد.”

این افسر از نیروی ضد تروریست عراقی  درادامه میگوید:” هیچ فردی از ( الحشد الشعبی)، گروهای شبه نظامی شیعه مورد حمایت ایران،  در این نبرد ها شرکت ندارند زیرا واشینگتن همکاری با آنها را در عملیات آزاد سازی دانشگاه نپذیرفته است.

وال استریت ژورنال * نیزدر گزارشی بتاریخ ۴ روز پیش، از اعزام ۳۰۰۰ نیروی آموزش دیده توسط مستشاران آمریکایی به خط مقدم جبهه رمادی خبر داده که آنرا مقدمه تهاجم نهایی برای آزاد سازی استان الانبار از دست داعش میداند. وال استریت از جمله  از قول سرهنگ استیو وارن، سخنگوی وزارت دفاع آمریکا مینویسد: ” نخستین واحد از سربازان تعلیم دیده عراقی توسط ایالات متحده به حال آمادگی رزمی درآمده اند تا برای جنگ با داعش به جبهه اعزام شوند. مسئولین نظامی ایالات متحده میگویند، این واحدها از جمله زبده ترین و مجهزترین واحدهای عراقی هستند که بهترین تمرینات و آموزش نظامی را دیده اند. اینها میتوانند ظرف  یک یا دوماه آینده،حمله زمینی را آغاز کنند که البته زمان دقیق حمله به اوضاع در میدان نبرد دارد. نقش آنها در میدان نبرد،  یک آزمون تازه برای نیروهای امنیتی عراق و آزمون استراتژی جنگی دولت اوباما علیه دولت اسلامی (داعش) است.”  این گزارش در ادامه از پیوستن ۵۰۰ تن از نفرات تعلیم دیده عشایر سُنی به نیروهای ضد داعش در جبهه رمادی خبر میدهد.

چنین بنظر میرسد که اوضاع منطقه، در کل در آستانه یک چرخش قرار گرفته است که از یمن تا سوریه ولبنان و عراق را دربر میگیرد. من در روزهای آینده دلایل خود را برای چنین امری نوشتاری خواهم کرد.

دیدن ویدئو کلیپ وال استریت در زیر توصیه میشود!

U.S.-Trained Iraqi Forces Deploy Near Ramadi

Pentagon spokesman says an assault to retake Ramadi from Islamic State could begin within the next two months

Forces of the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Service participated in a training exercise in Baghdad on Thursday.ENLARGE
Forces of the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Service participated in a training exercise in Baghdad on Thursday. PHOTO: CAROLYN KASTER/ASSOCIATED PRESS

By

BAGHDAD—The first contingent of American-trained Iraqi army soldiers has been deployed in combat against Islamic State, joining a campaign to encircle and later retake the capital of the country’s largest province, U.S. and Iraqi officials said on Thursday.

Iraqi commanders have sent the newly trained and equipped 3,000-man force to the outskirts of Ramadi, the capital of Anbar province, said Col. Steve Warren, a Pentagon spokesman. U.S. military officials said the units are among the best-trained and best-equipped army troops in Iraq and could begin a ground assault on Ramadi within the next two months, depending on conditions on the ground. Their performance in the battle will be a fresh test of Iraq’s security forces and of the Obama administration’s Islamic State war strategy.

Islamic State seized control of the western city of Ramadi in May, dealing a crushing blow to U.S. efforts to halt the spread of the extremist group. U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Cartermet on Thursday with Iraq’s leaders during a surprise visit to Baghdad to shore up support for the long-planned offensive and encourage the Iraqis to do more to combat Islamic State.

Here’s a look at how Islamic State first seized the provincial capital of Ramadi back in May. On Thursday, officials said the first deployment of U.S.-trained Iraqi army soldiers were preparing to retake the city. Photo: Aamaq Media

In addition to the newly trained forces, a unit of 500 Sunni tribal fighters have joined in the Ramadi campaign. The Sunni fighters will help safeguard security in the city once Islamic State is pushed out, Col. Warren said.

On Thursday, Mr. Carter told Iraqi leaders, including Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi,that the U.S. would be prepared to play a more active role in the campaign against Islamic State as Iraqi forces become more capable and motivated.

Col. Warren estimated that Islamic State had between 1,000 and 2,000 fighters in Ramadi.

“If we compare the military situation now with what it looked like when Islamic State took over Ramadi,” said an Iraqi military officer stationed outside the nearby city of Fallujah, “for sure we can say it’s better now.”

If successful, the coming battle for Ramadi could restore confidence in an Iraqi military battered by repeated setbacks on the battlefield. A victory could lead to a wider U.S. role in the conflict and empower the U.S.-backed Iraqi army over Iranian-backed militias in an internal struggle for political power and battlefield influence and resources.

Top military commanders have held out the possibility of asking President Barack Obamato authorize sending additional U.S. forces to Iraq to aid in the anti-Islamic State campaign, but Col. Warren said a U.S. troop increase isn’t expected at the moment. U.S. forces in Iraq are advising and training Iraqi and Kurdish commanders, but they aren’t deployed on the front lines in combat roles.

“We’re willing to do more when and if [Iraqi forces] develop capable and motivated forces of their own that can take territory and hold territory,” the defense secretary, Mr. Carter, told U.S. troops in Baghdad.

Since Iraq’s government declared the start of an offensive to retake Anbar province last week, Iraqi troops have successfully surrounded Ramadi, cutting off supply lines to Islamic State forces in the city.

Those modest military gains contrasted with recent setbacks in the nearby city of Fallujah, where the government-sanctioned Shiite-majority militias known as Popular Mobilization Force, or PMFs, have been leading the charge against Islamic State. Iraq’s military there is playing a supporting role.

U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter, left, meets with Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi in Baghdad on Thursday. Mr. Carter made a surprise visit to Iraq as U.S.-trained Iraqi soldiers prepare an offensive to retake Ramadi from Islamic State.ENLARGE
U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter, left, meets with Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi in Baghdad on Thursday. Mr. Carter made a surprise visit to Iraq as U.S.-trained Iraqi soldiers prepare an offensive to retake Ramadi from Islamic State. PHOTO: GETTY IMAGES

In June, several militia leaders broke publicly with Iraq’s regular army leadership and declared they would prioritize retaking Fallujah over Ramadi. The reversals outside Fallujah mark a rare loss of momentum for the militias.

Because the militias don’t coordinate directly with the U.S.-led international coalition, air forces have declined to provide air cover in Fallujah for fear of striking the PMFs.

On Wednesday, PMF fighters and Iraqi soldiers faced a major setback outside Fallujah when Islamic State fighters retook a neighborhood in Saqlawiyah, a town northwest of Fallujah. The defeat came only 10 days after the militias routed Islamic State in the same town, said an Iraqi military officer based on the outskirts of Fallujah.

Islamic State fighters were even able to seize several Humvees left behind by retreating soldiers and militia fighters. The insurgents later paraded the vehicles through Fallujah’s city center, the Iraqi military officer said.

On the same day in al-Karma, only a few miles west of Baghdad, residents said Islamic State forces publicly shot and killed 25 captured soldiers and militiamen in front of the town’s central mosque.

Karim al-Nouri, a spokesman for the PMFs and a leader in the Badr Corps, one of the largest militias, denied the losses in Saqlawiyah.

Col. Warren told reporters traveling with Mr. Carter that Iraqi forces, backed by U.S. and coalition aircraft, were in the process of isolating Ramadi by closing off resupply routes that Islamic State could use to reinforce its fighters there.

Iraqi forces are on the outskirts of the city but have yet to enter it, Col. Warren said.

Write to Adam Entous at adam.entous@wsj.com and Matt Bradley atmatt.bradley@wsj.com

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Iraqi forces clash with Islamic State militants at Anbar university

BAGHDAD
26 july

Iraqi security forces entered the University of Anbar in the western city of Ramadi on Sunday and clashed with Islamic State militants inside the compound, the joint operations command said in a statement.

Capture of the sprawling complex, which a spokesman said had been used as an insurgent command base, could advance government efforts to retake Ramadi, the capital of Anbar, Iraq’s largest province, after its fall to Islamic State in May.

Security forces and militia groups have launched an offensive in the Sunni heartland, but progress has been incremental.

“We announce to you the entry of the counter-terrorism forces into the University of Anbar. They are now engaging in battles to clean it up from the remains of Daesh and dismantling bombs and clearing roads,” the statement broadcast on state television said, using another name for Islamic State.

Security forces advancing toward the nearby district of al-Tamim had encountered Islamic State positions enforced by bombs and razor wires, the statement added.

A spokesman for Iraq’s counter-terrorism forces, which were taking a lead role in the battle, told Reuters the troops had managed to recapture most of the university buildings after launching a surprise offensive with support from U.S.-led coalition air strikes.

“The university represents a significant stronghold and a key command base used by top Daesh commanders to orchestrate all battles in other parts of Ramadi,” said Sabah al-Noamani.

He said government forces were seeking to separate the university from nearby districts to cut supply routes to retreating militants.

Anbar provincial council member Falih al-Essawi said special forces, army and federal police had managed to enter the university compound in southern Ramadi early on Sunday and were now “in full control” of the complex.

“They seized the opportunity of retreating Daesh fighters to make more advances toward al-Tamim district in southern Ramadi,” Essawi told Reuters.

He said no members of the Hashid Shaabi, the Iran-backed Shi’ite paramilitary groups which Washington has refused to coordinate with, had participated in the university operation.

U.S.-led coalition warplanes have been carrying out strikes in Iraq and neighboring Syria since August 2014 in an attempt to roll back Islamic State gains.

(Reporting by Ahmed Rasheed; Editing by Stephen Kalin and Raissa Kasolowsky)

 

 

 

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