سیمای زنده تروریسم

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با اصل یادداشت کاری نداشته باشید، فقط به عکس نگاه کنید که البته اولین در این زمینه نیست. مغزشوئی جوانان خُرد سال تازه بالغ که عطش مطرح شدن، شور جوانی و ماجرا جوئی دارند، مشخصه عمده جریانهای ترویستی در همه دنیا و در طول تاریخ تروریسم است. این سیاست از تروریسم بالاتر وزشتنرین چهره جنایتکاری تروریسم و غیر قابل توصیف است. رژیم سلطانعلی روضه خوان که از اغوا و مغز شوئی بزرگسالان عاجز بوده است از همان آغاز پیدایش نکبت آفرین خود به مانوپولاسیون و شستشوی مغری جوانان خرد سال روی آورده است. روی دیگر سکه این رویکرد تروریست پروری اینست که رژیم در عرصه زندگی واقعی چیزی برای جذب و تشویق و جذب جوانان بسوی خود نداشته و ندارد و بنا براین، بیش از پیش به خرافه های مذهبی آویزان میشود. این سیر تحول رژیم تصادفی نیست بلکه محصول استریل و عنین بودن آن در عرصه زندگی سازی است. تقدیس مرگ تنها رهیافتی است که رژیم در پی شکست خود در عرصه زندگی سازی بدان رسیده است و تا هنگامی که این رژیم وجود دارد، این سیر تخریبی، ویرانگرانه و زندگی سوز فقط تعمیق میشود.

Hezbollah, backed by Iran, emerged in Lebanon in 1982. Since its establishment, the Shia militia has declared its main aim as bringing about the destruction of the US’ key Middle East ally, Israel. Hezbollah has embraced Iran’s extremist ideology, which calls for establishing an Islamic republic according to strict interpretation of the Quran. The theology is different from that of ISIS, but it is not totally dissimilar.

Hezbollah has developed this approach with asymmetric warfare tactics that were clearly displayed even before the emergence of al-Qaeda or any Islamic Sunni radical group started fighting in Iraq or Syria. Hezbollah has a history of attacking US and Israeli targets around the world. To take just one example, the Beirut bombing in 1983, which resulted in the loss of 241 US service personnel, has been traced back to Hezbollah. This record says a lot about the group’s intentions toward the US and its allies.

Current US strategy has inadvertently neglected the concerns of US allies in the region. After signing the nuclear deal with Iran, Israel and Saudi Arabia expressed their distrust of Iran, and dissatisfaction with the newly formed relationship. The deal resulted in sanctions being lifted, giving the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), a branch of Iran’s army, space to act more freely in the region mainly in Syria and Iraq using the fund, supporting its proxies like Hezbollah. Consequently, the US is unable to pressure Iran to change its position in Syria, which has fed the tension between the two.

‘Axis of resistance’

It is only a matter of time until the “axis of resistance” activates a full and direct series of operations to target not only US interests but also the interests of its allies in the region. Presumably, US policy makers are doing this in the knowledge that there could well be consequences. Hezbollah’s ideology believes in building an Islamic republic, equivalent to an Islamic Caliphate, with strict hard-core interpretation of the Quran, that uses force and military power to threaten others. Just like the Salafi-jihadi ideology of ISIS and al-Qaeda, Wilayat-al-Faqih believes in theological reasons for recruiting fighters and justify martyrdom in attacks against the ‘evil’ west and its allies.

There is an international consensus that the only hope Syrians have of bringing an end to the war is to put together a political settlement. One that addresses the problem of Assad and his affiliated Shia militias, of Russia, and of extremist groups like ISIS. They all need to be held to account.

An image grab taken from Hezbollah’s al-Manar TV on June 24, 2016. (AFP/AL-MANAR TV)

Still, the West has to appreciate that Assad is one of the main reasons for the continuity of the conflict. He is far too entrenched to be part of the solution. Given that the majority of Syrians are Sunni, the answer has to be replacing Assad with a Sunni figure. This figure would lead a national Syrian council, consisting of political and military figures from both sides, with a constitutional system that protects the rights of religious and ethnic minorities in Syria. Pragmatic, realist Russia can be expected to fall into line; its interest is with a viable Syria as an ally, not solely protecting Assad, as Russia’s Prime Minister Medvedev has stated.

The US and western allies both need to work closely to restore trust of traditional allies such as Turkey, Jordan, and the Gulf states. This means involving European partners in bilateral and multilateral talks to identify concerns and explore desired settlements. Kerry might see the Sunni extremists as a priority in the conflict, but he cannot turn a blind eye to another sectarian armed force, such as Hezbollah. In such a chaotic situation, it is just a matter of time before Shia extremist militias pose a more serious, direct threat to the US.

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Ruwan Rujoleh is a Middle East analyst with the Centre on Religion & Geopolitics. Ruwan conducts research and analysis on Syria. Her work provides a nuanced understanding of groups engaged in the conflict, including religious motivations and alliances.

Originally from Syria, Ruwan has experience in corporate communications, political research, and counterterrorism, in Syria, Libya and Tunisia. She has authored more than 25 reports on violent extreme groups, and has a Masters in Global Development and Peace from Georgetown University.

Last Update: Wednesday, 19 October 2016 KSA 18:50 – GMT 15:50

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