اردوغان هم اکنون سرنگون شده است

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تظاهرات میلیو نی امروز، آنچنانکه قلیچ اغلو گفت، دیوار ترس را در جامعه ترکیه فرو ریخت. و در جامعه ایی که برآن ترس حاکم نباشد، دیکتاتوری بر آن  ممکن نیست.

شاید اگر اردوغان میدانست که راهپیمایی چند ده نفره کمال قلیچ اوغلوی ۶۸ ساله از آنکارا به استانبول به چنین خیزش عظمی در جامعه می انجامد که بالانس  روانشناختی قدرت در کشور را بنحوی درماتیک بسود مخالفان، در رأس انها حزب جمهوریخواه مردم  به رهبری قلیچ اغلو  تغیر خواهد زد، این راهپیمایی را بهر قیمتی بود در نطفه خفه میکرد، ولو اگر لازم میشد خود اردوغان جان این پیر سیاسی ترکیه را با دستهای خود بگیرد.

انتظار این نبود که این راهپیمایی اردوغان را ساقط کند ولی انتظار هم نمی رفت که تا این حد به تغیر موازنه روانی در جامعه بیانجامد. هیچیک از رسانه ها و گزارشگران معدودی، که آنهم با کم بینی، این راهپیمایی را در ابتدایش گزارش کردند و حتی تحلیلگران نشریه ایی مانند حریت، قدرت انفجاری تضادها و نارضایتی های آنباشته شده درترکیه اردوغانی و اخوان المسلمینی را درست ارزیابی نکرده بودند.

اگر تا دیروز، این مخالفین اردوغان بودند که باید با ترس و لرز از او سخن بگویند و یا انتقاد خود را بیان کنند، از امروز دیگر این طرفدارانِ تا دیروز پرو وبال گرفته اردوغان هستند که باید به تقیه بپردازند و هواداری خود را از او و حزب عدالت و توسعه اش پنهان کنند یا از او اعلام برائت کنند. قطعاً از فردا، فضای سیاسی و عمومی ترکیه برای هواداران شناخته شده اردوغان، فضای قابل تنفنسی نخواهد بود.

امروز، اخبار تظاهرات ترکیه به سر فصل اخبار رسانه های مهم دنیا تبدیل گردیده بود. از خود حریت تحت کنترل گرفته تا گاردین، BBC   و CNN،  روئیترز، فرانس پرس و اسوشیتد پرس. و جالب اینکه بدون استثناء همه این رسانه ها، با مایه دارترین ادبیات ژورنالیستی عیله اردوغان کیفر خواست سیاسی و قضائی صادر کرده بودند.

قلیچ اغلو در سخنرانی پایانی راهپیمایی خود گفت، این پایان کار نیست بلکه اول کار است. زندانیان باید ازاد شوند! تصفیه و پاکسازی شدگان به سر کار برگردند! حالت فوق العاده باید لغو شود! قدرت پارلمانی پارلمان باید بدان برگردانده شود، و مردم باید از فردا به مبارزه مدنی خود ادامه دهند تا قدرت به مردم بازگردانده شده دموکراسی اعاده گردد.

اغراق نیست اگر بگویم، قلیچ اغلو از امروز دیگر فقط رهبر حزب جمهوریخواه مردم ترکیه نیست بلکه بنا به اعتراف بسیاری گزارشگران، چهره کاریسماتیک رهبری همه ملت است. گزارشگرBBC مینویسد؛ که چنین بنظر میآمد که دوران انقلابات نارنجی رنگ پایان یافته است ولی خیزش مردم ترکیه با این حرکت نشان داد که هنوز هستند کشورهایی که زمینه انقلاب نارنجی  در آنها وجود دارد و ترکیه یکی از آنهاست.

عظمت شرکت میلیونی مردم و روحیه پیکارجویانه که هم به راپیمایان و هم به رهبران راهپیمایی سرایت کرده بود، اداره کشور را بشیوه گذشته برای اردوغان دیگر دشوار خواهد کرد. بیشک در اولین انتخاباتی که برگزار شود او و حزبش شکستی خُرد کتننده خواهند خورد که به حذف آنان از عزصه قدرت خواهد انجامید ولی پیش بینی من اینست که کار به انتخابات دیگر نخواهد کشید و احتمالاً او قبل از پایان دوره اش سرنگون خواهد شد.

در یک یادداشت نوشته بودم که “اپورتونیسم نیروی تحول یا انقلابی تاریخ است”. آن گفته را باز در اینجا تکرار میکنم. ریزش اردوی اردوغان با فرار پانیک آسای نیروهای بادی در حزب او، قبل از مخالفین کمر او را خواهد شکست. اردوغان هرگز تصور نمیکرد این چنین بی حثیبت و بی اعتبار شود. او همین دو روز پیش گفت اینها که راهپیمایی میکنند، با تررویستها هم داستانند. او از هامبورگ شدید ترین حمله را با تکرار اتهام تروریستی به رهبر زندانی حزب دموکراتیک مردم و نماینده پارلمان صلاح الدین دمیتراش تکرار کرد. بنظر میرسد او پیام تظاهرات امروز مردم و راهپیمایی آنها را نگرفته است ولی همه هم حزب ها و ابوابجمعی  او در دستگاه دولتی، به  او اندازه خود شیفته و خود فریفته نیستند تا خطر را احساس نکنند.

خیلی زود در بازگشت از هامبورگ او در خواهد یافت که ترکیه ایی که او به به مقصد آن شهر در آلمان برای شرکت در کنفرانش سران G20 ترک کرد، دیگر آن ترکیه یکهفته قبل  نیست.

شاید او فکر نمیکرد که قلیچ اغلوی پیر ۶۸ ساله بتواند به وعده اش در راهپیمایی ۴۸۰ کیلومتری عمل کند و در همان کیلومترهای اول وا خواهد داد و پلاکارد عدالت را برزمین خواهد افکند. اما بسیاری از گزارشگران، راهپیمائی اورا یادآور راهپیمایی مهاتما گاندی در اعتراض به کمپانی نمک انگلیس دانسته و از او بعنوان گاندی ترکیه نام برده بودند

تظاهرات میلیو نی امروز، آنچنانکه قلیچ اغلو گفت، دیوار ترس را در جامعه فرو ریخت. و در جامعه ایی که برآن ترس حاکم نباشد، دیکتاتوری بر آن  ممکن نیست.

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Reuters

Huge crowd rallies in Istanbul against Turkey’s post-coup crackdown

By Umit Bektas and Humeyra Pamuk | ISTANBUL

Turkey’s main opposition leader told a huge protest rally on Sunday that the country was living under dictatorship and pledged to keep challenging the crackdown launched by the authorities after last year’s failed military coup.

Addressing hundreds of thousands of people waving Turkish flags and banners demanding justice, Kemal Kilicdaroglu said his 25-day march from Ankara to Istanbul – culminating in Sunday’s rally in Istanbul – was the first stage of a long campaign.

“We will be breaking down the walls of fear,” he told the crowd who gathered to welcome him at the end of his 425 km (265 mile) trek from the Turkish capital.

Kilicdaroglu’s protest march drew only modest support in its early days, but as more people joined him it grew into the biggest protest yet against the year-long, post-coup crackdown launched by President Tayyip Erdogan’s ruling AK Party.

“The last day of our Justice March is a new beginning, a new step,” said Kilicdaroglu, a bespectacled, 68-year-old veteran politician. “Rights, law, justice,” the crowd chanted back.

He called on the government to lift a state of emergency enforced after the abortive July 2016 coup, release scores of journalists from prison and restore the independence of Turkey’s courts.

Kilicdaroglu, head of the secularist Republican People’s Party (CHP), launched his protest last month after the jailing of a fellow parliamentarian for 25 years on spying charges.

People shout slogans as Turkey’s main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) leader Kemal Kilicdaroglu (not pictured) walks on the final stage of his 25-day long protest, dubbed “Justice March”, against the detention of the party’s lawmaker Enis Berberoglu, in Istanbul, Turkey, July 9, 2017. REUTERS/Osman Orsal

Enis Berberoglu was the first CHP lawmaker to be imprisoned in the purge. About 50,000 people have been arrested and 150,000 state workers including teachers, judges and soldiers, have been suspended.

“The era we live in is a dictatorship,” Kilicdaroglu said.

“AGAINST ONE-MAN RULE”

Rights groups and government critics say Turkey has been drifting toward authoritarianism for years, a process they say accelerated since the coup bid and a referendum in April which granted Erdogan stronger powers.

The government says the crackdown and constitutional changes are necessary to address challenges and security threats.

Erdogan criticized Kilicdaroglu when he launched his protest, saying justice should be sought in parliament, not on the street. He likened the protesters to those who carried out the attempted coup, saying they could face charges.

But Kilicdaroglu said the opposition had no alternative because Turkey’s courts had been politicized, “the powers of parliament have been seized” and the media had been muzzled.

“There is only a single place for our demand for justice and that is the streets,” he said.

People in the crowd said they were heartened by the turnout.

“This is now our future at stake,” said Beyhan, a 50-year-old civil servant who declined to give her full name. “Seeing this crowd has made my hopes blossom.”

“We are here for justice and democracy. We are here because we are against one-man rule,” she said. “There is no democracy, there is no freedom, even thinking is a crime.”

Samet Burak Sari, 21, a student at Marmara University, said he spent four weeks in prison because he described Erdogan as a terrorist on Twitter. He was released but his trial continues.

He said Sunday’s Istanbul rally was the third time the opposition had come together in large numbers – firstly in the 2013 protests in Istanbul’s Gezi Park, then in April over the referendum which narrowly approved Erdogan’s new powers.

“Through this march again, people with varying opinions have come together for the third time. Things like this keep the public opposition alive,” he said.

(Writing by Dominic Evans)

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The Justice March is changing Turkey

 

MURAT YETKİN

murat.yetkin@hurriyet.com.tr

Turkey is no longer the country of 25 days ago, where an outside observer could see only President Tayyip Erdoğan and listen to what he said as Turkey’s political voice.

There are signs that the pacifistic but huge action of the Justice March, led by main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) chair Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, has started to change the ruling Justice and Development Party’s (AK Parti) stance. It may also have changed the CHP itself from a static to a dynamic organism, as well as the wider political culture in Turkey.

Example?

Kılıçdaroğlu started to walk on June 15 from downtown Ankara to Istanbul, where CHPdeputy Enis Berberoğlu was jailed after being sentenced to 25 years inside one day before. Berberoğlu stands accused of “terrorism” and “espionage” for providing security-related news material to a newspaper.

The day after the start of the march, Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım slammed Kılıçdaroğlu and denounced the march as “unlawful,” saying that “the streets are not the place to look for justice.” On July 8, however, Yıldırım was conceding that “it is possible to look for justice on the streets, but let’s stop calling July 15 a ‘controlled coup.’”

That was a reference to Kılıçdaroğlu’s claim that after learning that the illegal network of U.S.-based Islamist preacher Fethullah Gülen was committing a military coup to overthrow the government and close parliament, the government did not act with enough speed, with the ulterior motive of making political use of the coup attempt later.

This is a delicate issue, as Erdoğan and Yıldırım are placing utmost importance on the ceremonies marking the first anniversary of the coup attempt on July 15. The coup was foiled by the resistance of the president, the government, the parliament, the people on the streets and the vast majority of loyal army and police personnel who did not take part in the coup attempt.

Erdoğan last week blasted the march as being “in line” with the July 15 coup attempt. “They had their F-16s and tanks, and these people are walking for the same purpose” he said. In response, Kılıçdaroğlu said “we are not harming anyone; we are just walking peacefully.” As it was clear that the march was peaceful, Erdoğan did not repeat his line of attack very much. Comparing the march to the coup attempt did not find much of an echo in society and the AK Parti realized through polls that there were also complaints about the justice system from within its own constituency.

The march has also started to change the CHP, the oldest party in Turkey, which founded the Turkish Republic and was headed by the hero of the Independence War, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. The CHP, especially in the West, has often been perceived as statist and pro-establishment, despite adopting a social democratic rhetoric.

The march has posed a challenge for the CHP organization. As their 69-year-old chairman was walking almost 20 kilometers per day, breaking the 1930 record of Gandhi’s Salt March in India, members of parliament had no choice but to adapt. They are now debating what kind of methods they can develop to embrace people from beyond their apparent current 25 percent limit. It has been observed in both national and international media that the thousands of people who have joined Kılıçdaroğlu’s march were not only coming from the CHP’s grassroots; it has been a diverse political get-together.

Twenty-five days ago, there were not many international media outlets interested in what the CHP has to say. Today, there is an awareness that something else is going on in Turkey. Kılıçdaroğlu’s article in the New York Times could well be considered more successful than the government’s efforts so far to explain the evil nature of the Gülenist network that masterminded the July 2016 coup attempt.

Kılıçdaroğlu’s tactic not to use CHP flags or slogans has also worked well. The march organizers have stressed that only the Turkish flag, placards bearing the writing “Justice,” and the slogan “Rights, Law, Justice” should be used. As a result, people from different political tendencies have generally not felt alienated from the march.

The rally in Istanbul on July 9 was the first such large mass event by a center-left leader in Turkey in many years, perhaps since the June 3, 1977 rally of the late Bülent Ecevit in Istanbul.

The march has started to change Kılıçdaroğlu as well. He started his justice march as CHP chairman but ended it as its leader, and now seems to have the potential to become Turkey’s opposition leader.

July/10/2017

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